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SELECTIONS FROM 
««THE KORAN" 



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Selections from * 
The Koran of * 
Mohammed i^ * 

Translated by George Sale 



P«iVATEi.Y Printed Br 

NATHAN HASKELL DOLE 

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AL KORAN 

A PRAYER 
la the Name of the Moet Maidfal God 

Praise be to God, the Lord of all 
creatiiret; the most merciful, the king 
of the daj of judgment. 

Thee do we worship, and of thee do 
we beg assisunce. 

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Direct ut in the right way, in the way 
of those to whom thou hast been gra- 
cious ; not of those against whom thou 
art incensed, nor of those who go astray. 

DIRECTION TO THE PIOUS 

A. L. M. There is no doubt in this 
.book; it is a direction to the pious, who 
believe in the mysteries, who observe 
the appointed times of prayer, and dis- 
tribute alms out of what we have be- 
stowed on them; and who believe in 
that revelation, which has been sent 
down unto thee, and that which has 
been sent down to the prophets before 
thee, and have firm assurance in the life 
to come: these are directed by their 
Lord, and they shall prosper. 

As for the unbelievers, it will be 
equal to them whether thou admonish 
them, or do not admonish them; they 
will not believe. God has sealed up 
their hearts and their hearing ; a dimness 
covers their sight, and they shall suflfer 
a grievous punishment. There are some 
who say. We believe in God and the 

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last day^ but are not believers ; they seek 
to deceive God^ and those who do be- 
lieve, but they deceive themselves only, 
- and are not sensible thereof. There is 
an infirmity in their hearts, and God has 
increased that infirmity ; and they shall 
sufier a most painful punishment because 
they have disbelieved. 

When one says unto them. Act not 
corruptly on the earth, they reply. Verily, 
we are men of integrity. 

Are not they themselves corrupt doers ? 
but they are not sensible thereof. And 
when one sajrs unto them, 

Believe ye as others believe; they 
answer. Shall we believe as fools be- 
lieve? 

Are not they themselves fools? but 
they know it not. When they meet 
those who believe, they say. We do 
believe: but when they retire privately 
to their devils, they say. We really hold 
with you, and only mock at those people : 
God shall mock at them, and continue 
them in their impiety ; they shall wander 
in confusion. 

These are the men who have pur- 
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chased error at the price of true direc- 
tion: but their trajfic has not been 
gainful, neither have they been rightly 
directed. They are like unto one who 
kindles a fire, and when it has enlight- 
ened all around him, God takes away 
their light and leaves them in darkness, 
they shall not see i they are deaf, dumb, 
and blind, therefore wiU they not repent. 
Or like a stormy cloud from heaven, 
fraught with darkness, thunder, and 
lightning, they put their fingers into their 
ears, beouisc of the noise of the thunder, 
for fear of death ; God encompasses the 
infidels: the lightning wants but little 
of taking away their sight; as often as 
it enlightens them, they walk therein, 
but when darkness comes on them, they 
stand still; and if God so pleased, hie 
would certainly deprive them of their 
hearing and their sight, for God is al- 
mighty. 

TO THB MEN OP MBCCA 

O men of Mecca ! serve your Lord 
who has created you, and those who 

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have been before you : peradventure ye 
wOl fear him ; who has spread the earth 
as a bed for you, and the heaven as a 
covering, and has caused water to de- 
scend from heaven, and thereby pro- 
duced fruits for your sustenance. 

Set not up therefore any equals unto 
God, against vour own knowledge. If 
you be in doubt concerning that revela- 
tidn which we have sent down unto our 
servant, produce a chapter like unto it, 
and call upon your witnesses, besides 
God, if ye say truth. But if ye do it 
not, nor shall ever be able to do it, justly 
fear the fire whose fuel is men and stones, 
prepared for the unbelievers. 

But bear good tidings unto those who 
believe, and do good works, that they 
shall have gardens watered by rivers; 
as often as they eat of the fruit thereof 
for sustenance, they shall say. This is 
what we have formerly eaten of; and 
they shall be supplied with several sorts 
of fruit having a mutual resemblance to 
one another. There shall they enjoy 
wives subject to no impurity, and there 
shall diey continue for ever. 
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OIBATION OF MAN 

How if it that you believe not in 
God? Since you were dead^ and he 
gave you life; he will hereafter cause 
you to die, and will again restore you to 
life; then shall you return unto him. 

It is he who has created for you 
whatsoever is on earth, and then set his 
mind to the creation of heaven, and 
formed it into seven heavens ; he knows 
all things. When thy Lord said unto 
die angels, I am going to place a substi- 
tute on earth, they said. Wilt diou place 
there one who will do evil therein, and 
shed blood ? but we celebrate thy praise, 
and sanctify thee. 

God answered. Verily I know that 
which you know not; and he taught 
Adam die names of all things, and then 
proposed them to the angeb, and said. 
Declare unto me the names of these 
things if you say truth. 

They answered. Praise be unto thee, 
we have no knowledge but what thou 
teachest us, for thou art knowing and 
wise. 

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God said, O Adam, tell them their 
names. And when he had told them 
their names, God said. Did I not tell 
you that I know the secrets of heaven 
and earth, and know that which you dis- 
cover, and that which you concod I 

And when we said unto the angels. 
Worship Adam, they all worshipped 
him, except Eblis, who refused, and was 
puffed up with pride, and became of the 
number of unbelievers. 

And we said, O Adam, dwell thou and 
thy wife in the garden, and eat of the 
fruit thereof plentifully wherever you 
will I but approach not this tree, lest you 
become of the number of the trans- 
gressors. 

But Satan caused them to forfeit para- 
dise, and turned them out of the state 
of happiness wherein they had been; 
whereupon we said. Get you down, the 
one of you an enemy unto die other; 
and there shall be a dwelling-place for 
you on earth, and a provision for a 
season. 



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PROMISE OF SALVATION 

Be constant in prayer, and give alms i 
and what good you have sent before 
for vour souk, you shall find it with 
God ; surely God sees that which you 
do. 

They say, Verily none shall enter 
paradise, except they who are Jews or 
Christians: this is their wish. 

Say, Produce your proof of this, if you 
speak truth. Nay, but he who resigns 
himself to God, and does that which is 
right, he shall have his reward with his 
L^rd ; diere shall come no fear on them, 
neither shall they be grieved. 

The Jews say. The Christians are 
grounded on nothing ; and the Christians 
say. The Jews are grounded on nothing : 
yet they both read the scriptures. So 
likewise say they who know not the 
scripture, according to their saying. But 
God shall judge between them on the day 
of the resurrection, concerning that about 
which they now disagree. Who is more 
unjust than he who prohibits the temples 
of God, that his name should be remem- 
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bered therein, and who hastes to des- 
troy them? 

Those men cannot enter therein, but 
with fear : they shall hare shame in this 
world, and in the next a grievous punish- 
ment. To God belongs the east and die 
west ; therefore, whithersoever you turn 
yourselves to pray, there is the face of 
God i for God is omnipresent and om- 
niscient. 

UNmr OP 000 

Surely they who believe not, and die 
in their unbelief, upon them shall be the 
curse of God, and of the angels, and of 
all men i they shall remain under it for 
ever, their punishment shall not be allevi- 
ated, neither shall they be regarded. 

Your God is one God, there is no 
God but he, the most merciful. Now 
in the creation of heaven and earth, and 
the vicissitude of night and day, and in 
the ship which sails in the sea, laden 
widi what is profiuble for numkind, and 
in the rain-water which God sends from 
heaven, quickening thereby the dead earth, 
and replenishing the same with all sorts 
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of cattle, and in the change of winds, 
and the clouds that are compelled to do 
service between heaven and earth, are 
signs to people of understanding: yet 
some men take idols beside God, and 
love them as with the love due to God ; 
but the true believers are more fervent 
in love toward God. Oh that thejr 
who act unjustly did perceive, when 
they behold their punishment, that all 
power belongs unto God, and that he is 
severe in punishing ! 

When those who have been followed, 
shall separate themselves from their fol- 
lowers, and shall see the punishment, and 
the cords of relation between them shall 
be cut in sunder; the followers shall say. 
If we could return to life, we would sep- 
arate ourselves from them, as they have 
now separated themselves from us. So 
God will show diem their works ; they 
shall sigh grievously, and shall not come 
forth from the fire of hell. O men, 
eat of that which is lawful and good on 
the earth ; and tread not in the steps of 
the devil, for he is your open enemy. 
Verily he commands you evil and wicked- 
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nets, and thit you should say that of 
God which you know not. 

TRUB RIGHTI0U8NB8S 

It is not righteousness that you turn 
your fiices in prayer toward the east and 
the west, but righteousness is of him 
who believes in God and the bst day, 
and the angels, and the scriptures, and 
prophets; who gives money for God's 
sake unto his kindred, and unto orphans, 
and the needy, and the stranger, and those 
who ask, and for redemption of captives ^ 
who is constant at prayer, and gives alms ; 
and of those who perform dieir covenant, 
when they have covenanted, and who 
behave themselves patiently in adversity, 
and hardships, and in time of violence : 
these are they who are true, and these are 
they who fear God. 




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DEATH TO INFIDELS 

Consume not your wealdi among 
yourselves in vain ; nor present it unto 
judges, that you may devour part of 
men's substance unjustly, against your 
own consciences. They will ask you 
concerning the phases of the moon. 
Answer, They are times appointed unto 
men, and to show the season of the pil- 
grimage to Mecca. It is not righteous- 

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nets that you enter your houses by the 
back part thereof, but righteousness is of 
him who fears God. Therefore enter 
your houses by their doors; and fear 
God, that you may be happy. And 
%ht for the religion of God against those 
who fi^t against you, but tran^ress 
not by attacking them first, for God 
loves not the transgressors. And kill 
them wherever you find them, and turn 
them out of that whereof they have dis- 
possessed you ; for tempudon to idolatry 
is more grievous than slaughter: yet 
fight not against them in the holy temple, 
until they attack you therein; but if 
thev attack you, slay them there. This 
shall be the reward of the infidels. But 
if they desist, God is gracious and mer- 
ciful. Fight therefore against them, 
until there be no temptation to idolatry, 
and the religion be God's : but if th^ 
desist, dien let there be no hostility, 
except against die ungodly. A sacred 
month for a sacred month, and the holy 
limits of Mecca, if they attack you 
therein, do you also attack them therein 
in retaliation ; and whoever transgresses 
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against you by to doing, do you trahs- 
grets against him in like manner aS he 
has tran^ressed against you, and fear 
God, and know that God is with those 
who fear him. Contribute out of your 
substance toward the defence of the 
reli^n of God, and throw not yourselves 
with your own hands into perdition ; and 
do good, for God loves those who do good. 

AN INFIDEL 

There is a man who causes thee 
to marvel by his speech concerning this 
present life, and calls God to witness 
that which is in his heart, yet he is most 
intent in opposing theej and when he 
turns away from thee, he hastens to 
act corruptly in the earth, and to destroy 
that which is sown, and springs up : but 
God loves not corrupt doing. And if 
one say unto him. Fear God ; pride seizes 
him, together with wickedness ; but hell 
shall be his reward, and an unhappy 
couch shall it be. There is also a man 
who sells his soul for the sake of 
those things which are pleasing unto 
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(^ 



God; auid God is gncious unto his 
servanu. O true believerS) enter into 
the true religion wholly, and follow not 
the steps of Satan, for he is your open 
enemy. If you have slipped after the 
declarations of our will have come unto 
you, know that God is mighty and wise. 
Do die infidels expect leu than that 
God should come down to them over- 
shadowed with clouds, and the angels 
also? but the thing is decreed, and to 
God shall all things return. 

Ask the children of Israel how many 
evident signs we have showed them; 
and whoever shall change the grace of 
God, after it shall have come unto him, 
verily God will be severe in punishing 
him. The present life was ordained for 
those who believe not, and they laugh 
the faithful to scorn ; but they who fear 
God shall be above them, on the day of 
the resurrection: for God is bountiful 
unto whom he pleases without measure. 



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WARS 

Thus God declares his siens unto 
you, that you mav understand. Have 
you not considered those who left their 
habitations (and they were thousands) 
for fear of death ? And God said unto 
diem, Die; then he restored them to 
life, for God is gracious toward man- 
kind; but the greater part of men do 
not give thanks. Fight for the religion 
of God, and know that God hears and 
knows. Who is he that will lend unto 
God on good usury? verily he will 
double it unto him manifold; for God 
contracts and extends his hand as he 
pleases, and to him shall you return. 

Have you not considered the assembly 
of the children of Israel, after the time 
of Moses; when they said unto their 
prophet Samuel, Set a king over us, 
that we may fight for the religion of 
God? 

The prophet answered. If you are 
enjoined to go to war, will you be near 
refusing to ^ht ? 

They answered. And what should ail 
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us that we should not fight for the relig- 
ion of God, seeing we are dispossessed 
of our habitations, and deprived of our 
children? 

But when th^ were enjoined to go to 
war, they turned back, except a few of 
them : and God knew the ungodly. 

And their prophet said unto them. 
Verily God hath set Saul king over you : 
they answered. How shall he reign over 
us, seeing we are more worthy of the 
kingdom than he, neither is he possessed 
of great riches? 

Samuel said. Verily God has chosen 
him before you, and has caused him to 
increase in knowledge and stature, for 
God gives his kingdom unto whom 
he pleases; God is bounteous and 
wise. 

And their prophet said unto them. 
Verily the sign of his kingdom shall be, 
that the ark shall come unto you: 
therein shall be tranquillity from vour 
Lord, and the relics which have been 
left by the family of Moses, and the 
family of Aaron ; the angels shall bring 
it. Verily this shall be a sign unto you, 
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if ye believe. And when Saul departed 
with his soldiers, he said. Verily God 
will prove you by the river: for he who 
drinks thereof, shall not be on my side 
(but he who shall not taste thereof he 
shall be on my side) except he who 
drinks a draught out of his hand. And 
they drank thereof, except a few of 
them. And when th^ had passed the 
river, he and those who believed with 
him, they said. We have no strength to- 
day against Jalut and his forces. 

But they who considered that they 
should meet God at the resurrection, 
said. How often has a small army dis- 
comfited a great army, by the will of 
God? and God is with those who 
patiently persevere. And when they 
went forth to battle against Jalut and 
his forces, they said, O Lord, pour on 
us patience, and confirm our feet, and 
help us against the unbelieving people. 
Therefore they discomfited them, by the 
will of God, and David slew Jalut. 
And God gave him the kingdom and 
wisdom, and taught him his will ; and if 
God had not prevented men, the one by 
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the oclier, rtrily the earth bad been cor- 
rupted: but (jod it beneficent toward 
hit creaturet. 

These are the tignt of God : we re- 
hearte them unto thee with truth, and 
thou art turely one of thoK who have 
been tent hy God. 

THE DIVINl MAJimr 

O true believert, give almt of that 
which we have bettowed on you, be- 
fore the day comet wherein there thall 
be no merchandizing, or friendthip, or 
intercettion. The infidek are unjutt 
doert. 

God! there it no God but he; the 
living, the telf-tubtitting : neither tlum- 
ber nor tleep teizet him ; to him belongt 
whatever it in heaven, and on earth. 
Who it he that can intercede with him, 
but through hit good pleature? He 
knowt that which it patt, and that 
which b to come unto them, and they 
thall not comprehend anything of hit 
knowledge, but to far at he pleatet. 
Hit throne it extended over heaven and 

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earth, and the preservation of both is 
no burden unto him. He is the high, 
the mighty. 

Lret there be no violence in religion. 
Now is right direction manifestly dis- 
tinguished from deceit : whoever there- 
fore shall deny Tagut, and believe in 
God, he shall surely take hold on a 
strong handle, which shall not be 
broken i God is he who hears and sees. 
God is the patron of those who believe ; 
he shall lead them out of darkness into 
light : but as to those who believe not, 
their patrons are Tagut; they shall lead 
them from the light into darkness ; they 
shall be the companions of hell fire, they 
shall remain therein for ever. Hast thou 
not considered him who disputed with 
Abraham concerning his Lord, because 
God had given him the kingdom I When 
Abraham said. My Lord is he who gives 
life, and kills : he answered, I give life, 
and I kill. 

Abraham said. Verily God brings the 
sun from the east, now do thou bring it 
from the west. 

Whereupon the infidel was con- 
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founded i for God directs not the 
ungodly people. 

Or hast thou not considered how he 
behaved who passed by a city which had 
been destroyed^ even to her foundations I 
He said^ How shall God quicken this 
city, after she has been dead? And 
God caused him to die for an hundred 
years, and afterward raised him to life. 
And God said. How long hast thou tar- 
ried here ? 

He answered, A day, or part of a day. 

God said. Nay, thou hast tarried here 
an hundred years. Now look on thy 
food and the drink, they are not yet 
corrupted ; and look on thine ass : and 
this have we done that we mig^t make 
thee a sign unto men. And look on 
the bones of thine au, how we raise 
them, ^ and afterward clothe them with 
flesh. 

And when this was shown unto him, 
he said, I know that God is able to do 
all things. 

And when Abraham said, O Lord, 
show me how thou wilt raise the dead ; 
God said. Dost thou not yet believe i He 

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answered. Yea ; but I ask this that my 
heart may rest at ease. God said, take 
therefore four birds, and divide them; 
then ky a part of them on every moun- 
uin; then call them, and they shall 
come swiftly unto thee: and know that 
God is mighty and wise. 

The similitude of those who lay out 
their substance for advancing the religion 
of God, is as a grain of com which pro- 
duces seven ears, and in every ear an 
hundred grains; for God gives twofold 
unto whom he pleases : God is bounteous 
and wise. 




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GIVING OF ALMS 

A FAIR speech^ and to forgiTe, is 
better than alms followed by mischief. 
God is rich and merciful. O true be- 
lievers, make not your alms of none 
effect by reproaching, or mischief, as he 
who lays out what he has to appear unto 
men to give alms, and believes not in 
God and the last day. The likeness of 
such a one is as a flint covered with 
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earth, on which a violent rain falls, and 
leaves it hard. They cannot prosper in 
anything which they have gained, for 
God directs not the unbelieving people. 

And the likeness of those who lay out 
their substance from a desire to please 
God, and for an establishment for their 
souls, is as a garden on a hill, on which 
a violent rain falls, and it brings forth its 
fruits twofold ; and if a violent rain falls 
not on it, yet the dew falls thereon : and 
God sees that which you do. Does any 
of you desire to have a garden of palm- 
trees and vines, through which rivers 
flow, wherein he may have all kinds of 
fruits, and that he may attain to old age, 
and have a weak oflbpring ? then a violent 
fienr wind shall strike it, so that it shall 
be burned. Thus God declares his signs 
unto you, that you may consider. 

O true believers, bestow alms of the 
good things which you have gained, and 
of that which we have produced for you 
out of the earth, and choose not the bad 
thereof, to give it in alms, such as you 
would not accept yourselves, otherwise 
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is rich and worthy to be praised* The 
devil threatens you with poverty, and 
commands you filthy covetousness ; but 
God promises you pardon from himself 
and abundance : God is bounteous and 
wise. He gives wisdom unto whom he 
pleases; and he unto whom wisdom is 
given, has received much good: but 
none will consider, except the wise of 
heart. And whatever alms you give, or 
whatever vow you vow, verily God 
knows it; but the ungodly shall have 
none to help them. 

If you maike your alms to appear, it is 
weU ; but if you conceal them, and give 
them unto the poor, this will be bmer 
for you, and will atone for your sins: 
and God is well informed of that which 
you do. The direction of them belongs 
not unto you; but God directs whom 
he pleases. The good that you shall 
give in alms shall redound unto your- 
selves; and you shall not give unless 
out of desire of seeing the face of God. 

And what good thing you shall give in 
alms, it shall be repaid you, and you shall 
not be treated unjustly; unto the poor 
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who are wholly employed in fighting for 
the religion of God, and cannot go to 
and fro in the earth ; whom the ignorant 
man thinks rich, because of their mod- 
esty : you may know them by this mark, 
they ask not men with importunity } and 
what good you shall give in alms, verily 
God knows it. They who distribute 
alms of their substance night and day, in 
private and in public, shall have their 
reward with the Lord i on them shall no 
fear come, neither shall they be grieved. 
They who devour usury shall not 
arise from the dead, but as he arises 
whom Satan has infected by a touch: 
this shall happen to them because they 
say. Truly selling is but as usury : and 

Jet God has permitted selling and for- 
idden usury. 

THE KINGDOM OF OOD 

Say, O God, who possessest the 
kingdom ; thou givest the kingdom unto 
whom thou wilt, and thou takest away 
the kingdom from whom thou wilt: 
thou exaltest whom thou wilt, and thou 
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humblest whom thou wUt : in thy hand 
it good, for thou art almighty. Thou 
makett the night to succeed the day: 
thou bringest forth the living out of the 
dead, and thou bringest forth the dead 
out of the living ; and providest food for 
whom thou wilt without measure. 

Let not the £uthful take the infidels 
for their protectors, rather than the 
faithful : he who does this shall not be 
protected of God at all i unless you fear 
any danger from them : but God warns 
you to beware of himself; for unto God 
must you return. Say, Whether you 
conceal that which is in your breasts, or 
whether you declare it, God knows it: 
for he knows whatever is in heaven, and 
whatever is on earth : God is almightv. 

On the last day every soul shall nnd 
the good which it has wrought, present i 
and the evil which it has wrought, it 
shall wish that between itself and diat 
were a wide distance: but God warns 
you to beware of himself; for God is 
gracious unto his servants. 

Say, If vou love God, follow me : then 
God shall love you, and forgave you 
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your tins; for God is gracious and 
mercifid. 

Say, Obey God, and his apostle : but 
if you go back, verily God loves not the 
unbelievers. 

PUNISHMBNT OF INFIDBL8 

Whoever follows any other religion 
than Islam, it shall not be accepted of 
him: and in the next life he shall be 
of those who perish. How shall God 
direct men who have become infidels 
after they had believed, and borne wit- 
ness that the apostle was true, and mani- 
fest declarations of the divine will had 
come unto them? for God directs not 
the ungodly people. Their reward shall 
be, that on them shall fall the curse of 
God, and of angels, and of all mankind : 
they shall remain under the same for 
ever; their torment shall not be miti- 
gated, neither shall they be regarded; 
except those who repent after tUs, and 
amend ; for God is gracious and merci- 
ful. Moreover they who become infidels 
after they have believed, and yet increase 
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in infidelity, their rq>entance shall in no 
wise be accepted, and they are those who 
go astray. Verily they who believe not, 
and die in their unbelief, the world full 
of gold shall in no wise be accepted from 
any of them, even though he should give 
it for his ransom; they shall suffer a 
grievous punishment, and they shall 
have none to help them. 

You will never attain unto righteous- 
ness, until you give in alms of that which 
you love : and whatever you give, God 
knows it. All food was permitted unto 
the children of Israel, except what Israel 
forbade unto himself before the Penta- 
teuch was sent down. Say unto the 
Jews, Bring hither the Pentateuch and 
read it, if ye speak truth. Whoever 
therefore contrives a lie against God 
after this, they will be evil-doers. Say, 
God is true : follow therefore the religion 
of Abraham the orthodox i for he was no 
idolater. 

RIWARDS 

And you shall not be denied the 
reward of the good which you do ; for 
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God knows the pious. As for the un* 
believers, their wealth shall not profit 
them at all, neither their children, against 
God: they shall be the companions of 
hell fire ; they shall continue therein for 
ever. The likeness of that which they 
lay out in this present life, is as a wind 
wherein there is a scorching cold: it 
falls on the standing corn of those men 
who have injured their own souls, and 
destroys it. And God deals not unjustly 
with them J but they injure their own 
souls. 

O true believers, contract not an in- 
timate friendship with any besides your- 
selves : they will not fail to corrupt you. 
They wish for that which may cause 
you to perish : their hatred has already 
appeared from out of their mouths ; but 
what their breasts conceal is yet more 
inveterate. We have already shown you 
signs of their ill will toward you, if 
you understand. Behold, you love them, 
and they do not love you : you believe in 
all the scriptures, and when they meet 
you, they say. We believe; but when 
they assemble privately together, they 
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bite their fingers' ends out of wnth 
agiinst you. Say unto them. Die in 
your wrath: verily God knows the in- 
nermost part of your breasts* 

If good happen unto you, it grieves 
them ; and if evil beftll you, they rejoice 
at it. But if vou be patient, and fear 
God, their subtlety shall not hurt you at 
all; for God comprehends whatever 
they do. 

To God belongs whatever is in 
heaven and on earth: he spares whom 
he pleases, and he punishes whom he 
pleases ; for God is merciful. 

O true believers, devour not usury, 
doubling it twofold ; but fear God, that 
ye may prosper : and fear the fire which 
is prepared for the unbelievers; and 
obey God, and his apostle, that you may 
obtain mercy. And run with emulation 
to obtain remiuion from your Lord, and 
paradise, whose breath equals the heavens 
and the earth, which is prepared for the 
godly ; who give alms in prosperity and 
adversity; who bridle their anger and 
forgive men : for God loves the benefi- 
cent. 

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And who, after they have committed 
a crime, or dealt unjustly with their 
own souls, remember God, and ask par- 
don for their sins (for who forgives sins 
except God ?) and persevere not in what 
they have done knowingly : their reward 
shall be pardon from thsir Lord, and 
gardens wherein rivers flow, they shall 
remain therein for ever : and how excel- 
lent is the reward of those who labour ! 




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PREDESTINATION 

Did you imagine that you should en* 
tcr paradise, when as yet God knew not 
those among you who fought strenuously 
in his cause ; nor knew those who per- 
severed with patience? Moreover you 
did sometime wish for death before that 
you met it ; but you have now seen it, 
and vou looked on, but retreated from it* 

Mohammed is no more than an 
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apostle ; the other apostles have already 
deceased before him : if he die therefore, 
or be slain, will you turn back on your 
heels? but he who turns back on his 
heels, will not hurt God at all ; and God 
will surely reward the thankful. No 
soul can die unless by the permission of 
God, according to what is written in the 
book containing the determinations of 
things. And whoever chooses the re- 
ward of this world, we will give him 
thereof: but whoever chooses the re- 
ward of the world to come, we will give 
him thereof; and we will surely reward 
the thankful. 

TRUST IN GOD 

O true believers, be not as they who 
believe not, and said of their breithren, 
when they had journeyed in the land or 
had been at war. If they had been with 
us, those had not died, nor had these 
been slain: whereas what befell them 
was so ordained that God might nuke it 
matter of sighing in their hearts. God 
gives life, and causes to die : and God 
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sect that which you do. Moreover if 
you be tlmin, or die in defence o( the 
religion of God; verily pardon from 
God, and mercy, is better than what 
they heap together of worldly richet. 
And if you die, or be slain, verily unto 
God shall you be gathered. 

And as to the mercy granted unto the 
disobedient from God, thou, O Moham- 
med, hast been mild toward them; but 
if thou hadst been severe and hard- 
hearted, they had surely separated them- 
selves from about thee. Therefore 
foinve them, and ask pardon for them : 
and consult them in die affair of war; 
and after thou hast deliberated, trust in 
God ; for God loves those who trust in 
him. If God help you, none shall con- 
quer you ; but if be desert you, who is it 
that will help you after him ? Therefore 
in God let the faithful trust. And let 
not the unbelievers think, because we 
grant them lives long and prosperous, 
that it is better for thor souls : we grant 
them long and prosperous lives only that 
their iniquity may be increased ; and they 
shall suffer an ignominious punishment. 
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God is not disposed to leave the faithful 
in tie condition which you are now in, 
until he sever the wicked from the good $ 
nor is God disposed to make you ac- 
quainted with what is a hidden secret, 
but God chooses such of his apostles as 
he pleases, to reveal his mind unto: 
believe therefore in God, and his apos« 
ties; and if you believe, and fear God, 
you shall receive a great reward. 

AVA&ICB 

And let not those who are covetous 
of what God of his bounty has granted 
them, imagine that their avarice is better 
for them: nay, rather it is worse for 
them. That which th^ have covetously 
reserved shall be bound as a collar about 
their neck, on the day of the resurrec- 
tion : unto God belongs the inheritance 
of heaven and earth; and God is well 
acquainted with what you do. 

God has already heard the saying of 
those who said. Verily God is poor, and 
we are rich : we will surely write down 
what they Jiave said, and the slaughter 

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which thej have made of the prophets 
without a cause; and we will say unto 
them. Taste you the pain of burning. 

This shall they suffer for the evil 
which their hands have sent before 
them, and because God is not unjust 
toward mankind; who also say, Surely 
God has commanded us, that we should 
not give credit to any apostle, until one 
should come unto us with a sacrifice, 
which should be consumed by fire. Say, 
Apostles have already come unto you 
before me, with plain proofs, and with 
the miracle which you mention: why 
therefore have you slain them, if you 
speak truth? If they accuse thee of 
imposture, the apostles before thee have 
also been accounted impostors, who 
brought evident demonstrations, and the 
scriptures, and the book which enlight- 
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AFTER DEATH 

Every soul shall taste of death, and 
you shall have your rewards on the day 
of resurrection ; and he who shall be hr 
removed from hell fire, and shall be 
admitted into paradise, shall be happy : 
but the present life is only a deceitful 
provision. You shall surely be proved 
in your possessions, and in your persons ; 
and you shall bear from those unto whom 

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the scripture wis delivered before you 
and from the idolaters, much hurt : but 
if you be patient, and fear God, this is a 
matter that is absolutely determined. 
And when God accepted the covenant of 
those to whom the book of the law was 
given, saying. You shall surelv publish it 
unto mankind, you shall not nide it i yet 
they threw it behind their backs, and 
sold it for a small price ; but woeful is 
the price for which they have sold it. 
ThiAk not that they who rejoice at what 
they have done, and expect to be praised 
for what they have not done ; think not, 
O prophet, that they shall escape from 
punishment, for they shall sufier a pain- 
ful punishment; and unto God belongs 
the kingdom of heaven and earth ; God 
is almighty. 

Now in the creation of heaven and 
earth, and the vicissitude of night and 
day, are signs unto those who are en- 
dued with understanding; who remember 
God standing, and sitting, and lying on 
their sides ; and meditate on the creation 
of heaven and earth, saying, 

O Lord, thou hast not created this in 
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vain ; far be it from thee : therefore de- 
liver us from the torment of hell fire : O 
Lord, surely whom thou shalt throw into 
the fire, thou wilt also cover with shame ; 
nor shadl the ungodly have any to help 
them, 

EVIL COMPANIONSHIP 

Serve God, and associate no creature 
with him; and show kindness unto 
parents, relations, and orphans, and the 
poor, and your neighbour who is of kin 
to you, and also your neighbour who is 
a stranger, and to your familiar compan- 
ion, and the traveller, and the captives 
whom your right hands shall possess; 
for God loves not the proud or vain- 
glorious, who are covetous, and recom- 
mend covetousness unto men, and con- 
ceal that which God of his bounty has 
given them (we have prepared a shame- 
ful punishment for the unbelievers) ; and 
who bestow their wealth in charity to 
be observed of men, and believe not in 
God, nor in the last day ; and whoever 
has Satan for a companion, an evil 
companion ! And what harm would 
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be£dl them if they should believe in 
God and the last day, and give alms out 
of that which God has bestowed on 
them? since God knows them who do 
this. 

Verily God will not wrong anj 
one even the weight of an ant : and if it 
be a good action, he will double it, and 
will recompense it in his sight with a 
great reward* 

BBLIBF 

O you to whom the scriptures have 
been given, believe in the revehtion 
which we have sent down, confirming 
that which is with you; before we 
defiice your countenances, and wring 
your necks; or curse them, as we 
cursed those who transgressed on the 
sabbath day ; and the command of God 
was fulfilled. 

Surelv God will not pardon idohtry ; 
but will pardon anv other sin, except 
that, to whom he pleases : and whoever 
gives a companion unto God, has de- 
vised a great wickedness. 

Hast thou not observed those who 
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justify themselves ? But God justifies 
whomever he pleases, nor shsdl they 
be wronged a hair. Behold, how they 
imagine a lie against Godj and therein 
is iniquity sufficiently manifest. Hast 
thou not considered those to whom part 
of the scripture has been given ? They 
believe in false gods and idols, and say 
of those who believe not. These are 
more rightly directed in the way of truth 
than they who believe on Mohammed. 

Those are the men whom God has 
cursed ; and he whom God shall curse, 
shall surely find no helper. Shall they 
have a part of the kingdom, since even 
then they would not bestow the smallest 
matter on men ? Do they envy other men 
that which God of his bounty has given 
them? We formerly gave unto the 
family of Abraham a book of reveh- 
tions and wisdom ; and we gave them a 
great kingdom. There are among them 
those who believe on him ; and there are 
among them those who turn aside from 
him ; but the raging fire of hell is a suffi- 
cient punishment. Verily, those who dis- 
believe our signs, we will surely cast to 
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be broiled in bell fire } as often as their 
skins shall be well burned, we will give 
them other skins in exchange, that diey 
may taste the sharper torment ; for God 
is mighty and wise. 

But diose who believe and do that 
which is right, we will bring into gar- 
dens watered by rivers ; therein shall diey 
remain for ever, and there shall they en- 
joy wives free from all impurity ; and we 
will lead them into perpetual shades. 

Moreover God commands you to 
restore what you are trusted with, to the 
owners; and when you judge between 
men, that you judge according to equity: 
and surely an excellent virtue it is to 
which God exhorts you; for God both 
hears and sees. 

O true believers, obey God, and obey 
the apostle, and those who are in author- 
ity among you : and if you differ in any- 
thing, refer it unto God and the apostle, 
if you believe in God and the last day : 
this is better, and a fairer method of 
determination. 



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OP WAR 

O true believers, take your necessary 
precaution against your enemies, and 
either go forth to war in separate 
parties, or go forth all together in a 
body. There is of you who tarries 
behind ; and if a misfortune befall you, 
he sayl. Verily God has been gracious 
unto me, that I was not present with 
them: but if success attend you from 
God, he will say (as if there was no 
friendship between you and him). 
Would to God I had been with them, 
for I should have acquired great merit. 
Let them therefore fight for the religion 
of God, who part with the present life 
in exchange for that which is to come ; 
for whoever fights for the religion of 
God, whether he be slain, .or be vic- 
torious, we will surely give him a great 
reward. 

And what ails you, that you fight not 
for God's true religion, and in defence 
of the weak among men, women, and 
children, who say, O Lord, bring us 
forth from this city, whose inhabitants 
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' 



are wicked \ grmnt ui from before thee a 
protector, and grant us from tbee a 
defender. They who believe fight for 
the religion of God; but they who 
believe not fight for the religion of 
Taghfit. Fight therefore against the 
friends of Satan, for the stratagem of 
Satan is weak. 

Hast thou not observed those unto 
whom it was said, Withhold your hands 
from war, and be constant at prayers, 
and pay the legal alnu ? But when war is 
commanded them, behold, a part of 
them fear men as they should fear God, 
or with a greater fear, and say, O Lord, 
wherefore hast thou commanded us to 
go to war, and hast not suffered us to 
wait our approaching end? 

Say unto them. The provision of this 
life is but small ; but the future shall be 
better for him who fears God ; and you 
shall not be in the least injured at the day 
of judgment. Wherever you be, death 
wiU overtake you, although you be in 
lofky towers. If good be&ll them, th^ 
say. This is from God ; but if evil befall 
them, they say, This is from thee, O 
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Mohammed : say. All is from God ; and 
what ails these people, that they are so 
far from understanding what is said unto 
them? 

Whatever good befalls thee, O man, 
it is from Godj and whatever evil 
befalls thee, it is from thyself. Fight 
therefore for the religion of God, and 
oblige not any to what is difficult, 
except thyself i however, excite the faith- 
ful to war, perhaps Giod will restrain 
the courage of the unbelievers } for God 
is strongs than they, and more able to 
punish. 

SALUTATION 

When you are saluted with a saluta« 
tion, salute the person with a better sal- 
utation, or at least return the same ; for 
God takes an account of all things. 

God ! there is no God but he ; he will 
surely gather you together on the day of 
resurrection; there is no doubt of it: 
and who is more true than God in what 
he says? Why are you divided con- 
cerning the ungodly into two parties; 
since God has overturned them for 

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what they have committed ? Will jou 
direct him whom God has led astray; 
since for him whom God shall lead 
astray, thou shalt find no true path ? 

liiey desire that you should become 
infidels, as they are infidels, and that you 
should be equally wicked with them- 
selves. Therefore take not friends from 
among them, until they fly their country 
for the religion of God ; and if they turn 
back from the faith, take them, and kill 
them wherever you find them ; and take 
no friend from among them, nor any 
helper, except those who go unto a 
people who are in alliance with you, or 
those who come unto you, their hearts 
forbidding them either to fight against 
you, or to fight against their own people. 
And if God pleased he would have per- 
mitted them to prevail against you, 
and they would have fought against 
you. But if they depart from you, and 
fight not against you, and ofier you peace, 
God allow not you to take or kill 
them. 

You shall find others who are desirous 
to enter into a confidence with you, and 
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at the same time to preserve a confi- 
dence with their own people: as often 
as they return to sedition, they shall be 
subverted therein ; and if they depart 
not from you, and ofier you peace, and 
restrain their hands from warring against 
you, take them and kill them wherever 
you find them; over these have we 
granted you a manifest power. 

It is not lawful for a believer to kill 
a believer, unless it happen by mistake ; 
and whoever kills a believer by mistake, 
the penalty shall be the freeing of a be- 
liever from slavery, and a fine to be paid 
to the family of the deceased, unless they 
remit it as alnu : and if the slain person 
be of a people at enmity with you, and 
be a true believer, the penalty shall be the 
freeing of a believer ; but if he be of a 
people in confederacy with you, a fine 
to be paid to his fitmily, and the freeing 
of a believer. And he who finds not 
wherewith to do this, shill fast two 
months consecutively, as a penance 
enjoined from God ; and God is know- 
ing and wise. 

But whoever kills a believer design- 
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edly^ his reward shall be hell; he shall 
remain therein for ever; and God shall 
be angry with him, and shall curse him, 
and s&dl prepare for him a great punish- 
ment. 

O true believers, when you are on a 
march in defence of the true religion, 
justly discern such as you shall happen 
to meet, and say not unto him who 
salutes you, Thou art not a true 
believer ; seeking the accidental goods of 
the present life $ for with God is much 
spoil. Such have you formerly been; 
but God has been gracious unto you; 
therefore make a just discernment, for 
God is well acquainted with that which 
you do. 



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^r- 




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i 



JUSTICE 

Dispute not for those who deceive 
one another, for God Iove& not him who 
is a deceiver or unjust. Such conceal 
themselves from men, but they conceal 
not themselves from God; for he is 
with them when they imagine by night a 
saying which pleases him not, and God 
comprehends what they do. Behold, 
you are they who have disputed for 
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them in this present life ; but who shall 
dispute with God for them on the day 
of resurrection, or who will become 
their patron ? yet he who does evil, or 
injures his own soul, and afterwards 
asks pardon of God, shall find God 
gracious and merciful. Whoever com- 
mits wickedness, conmiits it against his 
own soul : God is knowing and wise. 

And whoever commits a sin or 
iniquity, and afterwards lays it on the 
innocent, he shall surely bear the guilt 
of calumny and manifest injustice. If 
the indulgence and mercy of God had 
not been upon thee, surely a part of 
them had studied to seduce thee; but 
they shall seduce themselves only, and 
shall not hurt thee at all. Whoever 
does evil, shall be rewarded for it ; and 
shall not find any patron or helper, 
beside God; but whoever does good 
works, whether he he male or female, 
and is a true believer, shall be admitted 
into paradise, and shall not in the least 
be unjustly dealt with. 

Who is better in point of religion 
than he who resigns himself unto God, 
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and is a worker of righteousness, and 
follows the law of Abraham the ortho- 
dox ? since God took Abraham for his 
friend : and to God belongs whatever is 
in heaven and on earth} God compre- 
hends all things. Whoever desires the 
reward of this world, verily with God is 
the reward of this world, and also of that 
which is to come ; God both hears and 
sees. O true believers, observe justice 
when you bear witness before God, 
although it be against yourselves, or your 
parents, or relations ; whether the party 
be rich, or whether he be poor ; for God 
is more worthy than them both : therefore 
follow not your own lust in bearing tes- 
timony, so that you swerve from justice. 
And whether you wrest your evidence, or 
decline giving it, God is well acquainted 
with that which you do. But they who 
repent and amend, and adhere firmly 
unto God, and approve the sincerity of 
their religion to God, they shall be 
numbered with the faithful; and God 
will surely give the fitithful a great 
reward. 



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CALUMNY 

God loves not the speaking ill of any 
one in public, unless he who is injured 
call for auistance^ and God hears and 
knows : whether you publish a good ac- 
tion, or conceal it, or forgive evil, verily 
God is gracious and powerful. They who 
believe not in God and his apostles, and 
would make a distinction between God 
and his apostles, and say. We believe in 
some of the prophets, and reject others 
of them, and seek to take a middle way 
in this matter ; these are really unbeliev- 
ers, and we have prepared for the unbe- 
lievers an ignominious punishment. 

But they who believe in God and his 
apostles, and make no distinction between 
any of them, unto those will we surely 
give their reward; and God is gracious 
and merciful. 

CHRIST 

Verily those who believe not, and act 

unjustly, God will by no means forgive, 

neither will he direct them into any 

other wajr than the way of hell; they 

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shall remain therein for ever : and this is 
easy with God. 

O men, now is the apostle come 
unto you, with truth from your Lord; 
believe therefore, it will be better for you. 
But if you disbelieve, verily unto God 
belongs whatever is in heaven and on 
earth; and God is knowing and wise. 
O you who have received the scriptures, 
exceed not the just bounds in your 
religion, neither say of God any other 
than the truth. Verily Christ Jesus the 
son of Mary is the apostle of God, and 
his Word, which he conveyed into Mary, 
and a spirit proceeding from him. 

Believe therefore in God, and his 
apostles, and say not. There are three 
Gods ; forbear this ; it will be better for 
you. God is but one God. Far be it 
from him that he should have a son ! 
unto him belongs whatever is in heaven 
and on earth; and God is a sufficient 
protector. 

Christ does not proudly disdain to be 

a servant unto God ; neither the angels 

who approach near to his presence : and 

whoever disdains his service, and is pufied 

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up with pride, God will gather them all 
to himself, on the last day. Unto those 
who believe, and do that which is right, 
he shall give their rewards, and shall 
superabundantly add unto them of his 
liberality : but those who are disdainful 
and proud, he will punish with a erievous 
punishment ; and they shall not find any 
to protect or to help them, besides God. 
O men, now is an evident proof come 
unto you from your Lord, and we have 
sent down unto you manifest light. 
They who believe in God and fiimly 
adhere to him, he will lead them into 
mercy from him, and abundance; and 
he will direct them in the right way to 
himself. 

FRIENDS 

O true believers, take not the Jews 
or Christians for your friends ; they are 
friends the one to the other ; but who- 
ever among you takes them for his 
friends, he is surely one of them : verily 
God directs not unjust people. Thou 
shalt see those in whose hearts there is 
an infirmity, to hasten unto them saying, 

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We fear lest some adversity befall us, 
but it is easy for God to give victory, 
or a command from him, that they may 
repent of that which they concealed in 
their minds. 

And they who believe will say, Are 
these the men who have sworn by God, 
with a most firm oath, that they surely 
held with you ? their works are become 
vain, and they are of those who perish. 
O true believers, whoever of you apos- 
tatizes from his religion, God will cer- 
tainly bring other people to supply his 
place, whom he will love, and who will 
love him ; who shall be humble towards 
the believers, but severe to the unbeliev- 
ers; they shall fight for the religion of 
God, and shall not fear the obloquy of 
the detractor. 

This is the bounty of God, he 
bestows it on whom he pleases : God is 
extensive and wise. Verily your pro- 
tector is God, and his apostle, and those 
who believe, who observe the stated 
times of prayer, and give alms, and who 
bow down to worship. And whoever 
takes God, and his apostle, and the 

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believers for his friends, they are the 
party of God, and they shall be victori- 
ous. 

O true believers, take not such of 
those to whom the scriptures were 
delivered before you, or of the infidels, 
for your friends, who make a laughing- 
stock and a jest of your religion; but 
fear God, if you be true believers ; nor 
those who, when you call to prayer, 
make a laughing-stock and a jest of it ; 
this they do because they are people 
who do not understand. Say, O you 
who have received the scriptures, do you 
reject us for any other reason than 
because we believe in God, and that 
revelation which has been sent down 
unto us, and that which was formerly 
sent down, and for that the greater part 
of you are transgressors i 

THE CURSE OF GOD 

Say, Shall I denounce unto you a 

worse thing than this, as to the reward 

which you are to expect with God ? He 

whom God has cursed, and with whom 

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he has been angry, having changed 
some of them into apes and swine, and 
who worship Tagh&t, they are in the 
worse condition, and err more widely 
from the straightness of the path. When 
they came unto you, thev said. We 
believe: yet they entered into your 
company with infidelity, and went forth 
from you with the same ; but God well 
knew what they concealed. Thou shalt 
see many of them hastening unto iniquity 
and malice, and to eat things forbidden ; 
and woe unto them for what they have 
done. Unless their doctors and priests 
forbid them uttering wickedness, and 
eating things forbidden ; woe unto them 
for what they shall have committed. 

The Jews say the hand of God is tied 
up. Their hands shall be tied up, and 
they shall be cursed for that which they 
have said. Nay, his hands are both 
stretched forth ; he bestows as he pleases : 
that which has been sent down unto 
thee from thy Lord, shall increase the 
transgression and infidelity of many of 
them I and we have put enmity and 
hatred between them, until the day of 

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resurrection. As often as they shall 
kindle a fire for war, God shall extinguish 
it ; and they shall set their minds to act 
corruptly in the earth, but God loves 
jiot corrupt doers. Moreover, if they 
who have received the scriptures believe, 
and fear God, we will surely expiate 
their sins from them, and we will lead 
them into gardens of pleasure; and if 
they observe the law, and the gospel, 
and the other scriptures which have been 
sent down unto diem from their Lord, 
they shall surely eat of good things 
both from above them and from under 
their feet. Among them there are people 
who act uprightly ; but how evil is that 
which many of them do work ! 




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PILGRIMAGE 

O TRUE believers, kill no game while 
jou are on pilgrimage ; whoever among 
jou shall kill any designecDy, shall restore 
the like of what you shall have killed, in 
domestic animals, according to the deter- 
mination of two just persons among you, 
to be brought as an offisring to the Caaba ; 
or in atonement thereof shall feed the 
poor ; or instead thereof shall fast, that 
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he may taste the heinousnest of his 
deed* 

God has foigiven what is past, but 
whoever returns to transgress, God will 
take vengeance on him; for God is 
mighty and able to avenge. It is lawful 
for you to fish in the sea, and to eat 
what you shall catch, as a provision for 
you and for those who travel ; but it is 
unlawful for you to hunt by land, while 
you are performing the rites of pilgrim- 
age; therefore fear God, before whom 
you shall be assembled at the last day. 
God has appointed the Caaba, the holy 
house, an establishment for mankind ; and 
has ordained the sacred month, and the 
offering, and the ornaments hung thereon. 
This has he done that you might know 
that God knows whatever is in heaven 
and on earth, and that God is omniscient. 
Know that God is severe in punishing, 
and that God is also ready to forgive and 
merciful. 

The du^ of our apostle is to preach 
only} and God knows that which you 
discover, and that which you conceal. 

Say, Evil and good shall not be equally 
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esteemed of, though the abundance of 
evil pleases Uiee ; therefore fear God, O 
you of understanding, that you may be 
happy. 

O true believers, inquire not concerning 
things which, if they be declared unto 
you, may give you pain ; but if you ask 
concerning them when the Koran is sent 
down, they will be declared unto you : 
God pardons you as to these matters; 
for God is ready to forgive and gracious. 

GOD*8 OMNISCIBNCB 

Praise be unto God, who created the 
heavens and the earth, and ordained the 
darkness and the light ; nevertheless they 
who believe not in the Lord, equalize 
other gods with him. It is he who created 
you of clay ; and then decreed the term 
of your lives ; and the prefixed term is 
with him : yet do we doubt thereof. He 
is God in heaven and in earth ; he knows 
what you keep secret, and what you 
publish, and knows what you deserve. 

There came not unto them any sign, 
of the signs of their Lord, but they 
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retired from the tame; and they have 
gainsaid the truth, after it came unto 
them: but a message shall come unto 
them, concerning that which they have 
mocked at. 

Do they not consider how many gen- 
erations we have destroyed before them ? 
We had established them in the earth in. 
a manner wherein we have not established 
you I we sent the heaven to rain abun- 
dantly upon them, and we gave them 
rivers which flowed under their feet : yet 
we destroyed them in their sins, and raised 
up other generations after them. 

Although we had caused to descend 
unto thee a book written on paper, and 
they had handled it with their hands, 
the unbelievers had surely said. This is 
no other than manifest sorcerv. They 
said. Unless an angel be sent down unto 
him, we will not believe. But if we had 
sent down an angel, verily the matter 
had been decreed, and they should not 
have been borne with, by having time 
granted them to repent. And if we had 
appointed an angel for our messenger, we 
should have sent him in the form of a man, 

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and have clothed him before them, as they 
are clothed. Other apostles have been 
laughed to scorn before thee^ but the 
judgment which they made a jest of, 
encompassed those who laugh them to 
scorn. 

Say, Go through the earth, and behold 
what has been the end of those who ac- 
cused our prophets of imposture. 

Say, Unto whom belongs whatever is in 
heaven and earth ? 

Say, Unto God. He has prescribed 
unto himself mercy. He will surely gather 
you together on the day of resurrection ; 
there is no doubt of it. 

They who destroy their own souls are 
those who will not believe. Unto him 
is owing whatever happens by night or 
by day ^ it is he who hears and knows. 

Say, Shall I take any other protector 
than God, the creator of heaven and 
earth, who feeds all and b not fed 
by any ? 

Say, Verily I am commanded to be the 
first who professes Islam, and it was 
said unto me. Thou shalt by no means 
be one of the idolaters. 

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K<i^^i*«aM 



Say, Verily I fear, if I should rebel 
against my Lord, the punishment of the 
great day: from whomever it shall be 
averted on that day, God will have been 
merciful unto him ; this will be manifest 
salvation. If God afflict thee with any 
hurt, there is none who can take it oflF 
from thee, except himself j but if he 
cause good to befoll thee, he is almighty ; 
he is the supreme Lord over his servants i 
and he is wise and knowing. 

UNBBLIBVBltS 

Who is more unjust than he who 
invents a lie against God, or charges his 
signs with imposture ? Surely the unjust 
shall not prosper. And on the day of 
resurrection we will assemble them all ; 
then will we say unto those who asso- 
ciated others widi God, Where are your 
companions, whom you imagined to be 
those of God ? But they shall have no 
other excuse, than that they shall say. 
By God our Lord, we have not been 
idolaters. Behold, how they lie against 
themselves, and what they have blasphe- 

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mously imagined to be the companion of 
God flies from them. There is of them 
who harkens unto thee when thou readest 
the Koran ; but we have cast veils over 
their hearts, that they should not under- 
stand it, and a deafness in their ears: 
and though they should see all kinds of 
signs, they will not believe therein ^ and 
their infidelinr will arrive to that height 
that they will even come unto thee, to 
dispute with thee. The unbelievers will 
say. This is nothing but silly fables of 
ancient times. And they will forbid 
others from believing therein, and will 
retire afar oflF from it; but they will 
destroy their own souls only, and they 
are not sensible thereof. 

If thou didst see, when they shall be 
set over the fire of hell ! and they shall 
say. Would to God we might lie sent 
back into the worid; we would not 
charge the signs of our Lord with impos- 
ture, and we would become true believers : 
nay, but that is become manifest unto 
them, which they formerly concealed; 
and though they should be sent back into 
the world, they would surely return to that 
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-T" 



which was forbidden them y amd thejr are 
surely liars. 

And they said. There is no other life 
than our present life i neither shall we be 
raised again. 

But if thou couldst see, when they shall 
be set before their Lord I 

He shall say unto them. Is not this in 
truth come to pass ? 

They shall answer. Yea, by our Lord. 

God shall say. Taste therefore the 
punishment due unto you, for that you 
have disbelieved. They are lost who 
reject as falsehood the meeting of God 
in the next life, until the hour comes 
suddenly upon them. Then will they 
say, Alas I for that we have behaved 
ourselves negligently in our lifetime ; and 
they shall carry their burdens on their 
backs; will it not be evil which they shall 
be laden with ? 

This present life is no other than a 
pky and a vain amusement ; but surely 
the future mansion shall be better for 
those who fear God : will they not there- 
fore understand ? 

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FALSEHOOD 

Now we know that what they speak 
grieves thee: yet they do not accuse 
thee of &Isehood ; but the ungodly con- 
tradict the signs of God. And apostles 
before thee have been accounted liars: 
but they patiently bore their being ac- 
counted liars, and their being vexed, until 
our help came unto them; for there is 
none who can change the words of God : 
and thou hast received some information 
concerning those who have been for- 
merly sent from him. 

If their aversion to thy admonitions 
be grievous unto thee, if thou canst seek 
out a den whereby thou mayest penetrate 
into the inward parts of the earth, or a 
ladder by which thou mayest ascend into 
heaven, that thou mayest show them a 
sign, do so, but thy search will be fruit- 
less ; for if God pleased he would bring 
them all to the true direction : be not 
therefore one of the ignorant. He will 
give a favourable answer unto those only 
who shall hearken with attention: and 
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God will raise the dead ; then unto him 
shall they return. 

The infidels say, Unless some sisn be 
sent down unto him from his Lord, we 
will not believe : answer, Verily God is 
able to send down a sign : but the greater 
part of them know it not. There is no 
kind of beast on earth, nor fowl which 
flies with its wings, but the same is a 
people like unto you; we have not 
omitted anything in the book of our 
decrees : then unto their Lord shall they 
return. They who accuse our signs of 
falsehood, are deaf and dumb, walking 
in darkness: God will lead into error 
whom he pleases, and whom he pleases 
he will put in the right way. 

Say, What think you ? if the punish- 
ment of God come upon you, or the 
hour of the resurrection come upon you, 
will you call upon any other than God, 
if you speak truth ? yea, him shall you 
call upon, and he shall free you from 
that which you shall ask him to deliver 
you from, if he pleases ; and you shall 
forget other Gods. 

We have already sent messengers 

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unto sundry nations before thee, and we 
afflicted them with trouble and adversity 
that they might humble themselves : yet 
when the affliction which we sent came 
upon them, they did not humble them- 
selves : but their hearts became hardened, 
and Satan prepared for them that which 
they coounitted. And when diey had 
foigotten that concerning which they 
had been admonished, we opened unto 
them the gates of all things ; until, while 
they were rejoicing for that which had 
been given them, we suddenly laid hold 
on them, and bdiold, they were seized 
with despair; and the utmost part of 
the people which had acted wickedly, 
was cut oflF : praise be unto God, the 
Lord of all creatures ! 

Say, what think you ? if God should 
take away your hearing and your sight, 
and should seal up your hearts; what 
god besides God will restore them unto 
you? 



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GOD'S MESSENGERS 

See how variously we show forth the 
signs of God's unity ; yet do they turn 
aside from them. Say unto them, What 
think you? if the punishment of God 
come upon you suddenly, or in open 
view; will any perish, except the un- 
godly people ? We send not our mes- 
sengers otherwise than bearing good 
tidings and denouncing threats* 

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Whoever therefore shall believe and 
amend, on them shall no fear come, 
neither shall they be grieved : but who- 
ever shall accuse our signs of falsehood, 
a punishment shall fall on them, because 
they have done wickedly. 

Say, I say not unto you, The treasures 
of God are in my power : neither do I 
say, I know the secrets of God : neither 
do I say unto you. Verily I am an angel : 
I follow only that which is revealed unto 
me. Say, shall the blind and the see- 
ing be held equal ? do you not therefore 
consider ? Preach it unto those who fear 
that they shall be assembled before their 
Lord: they shall have no patron or 
intercessor, except him; that peradven- 
ture they may take heed to themselves. 

Drive not away those who call upon 
their Lord morning and evening, desiring 
to see his face ; it belongs not unto thee 
to pass any judgment on them, nor does 
it belong unto them to pass any judgment 
on thee: therefore if thou drive them 
away, thou wilt become one of the un- 
just. Thus have we proved some part 
of them by other part, diat they may say, 
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Are these the people among us unto 
whom God has been gracious? Does 
not God most truly know those who are 
thankful? 

And when they who believe in our 
signs shall come unto thee, say. Peace 
be upon you. Your Lord has prescribed 
unto himself mercy; so that whoever 
among you works evil through ignorance, 
and afterwards repents and amends, unto 
him will he surely be gracious and mer- 
ciful. 

Thus have we distinctly propounded 
our signs, that the path of the wicked 
might be made known. 

Say, Verily I am forbidden to worship 
the false deities which you invoke, besides 
God. Say, I will not follow your desires ; 
for then should I err, neither should I 
be one of those who are rightly directed. 
Say, I behave according to the plain de- 
claration which I have received from my 
Lord ; but you have forged lies concern- 
ing him. 



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god's timb 

That what you desire should be has- 
tened, is not in my power: judgment 
belongs only unto God ; he will deter« 
mine the truth ; and he is the best dis- 
cemer. Say, if what you desire should 
be hastened were in my power, the matter 
had been determined between me and 
you: but God well knows the unjust. 
With him are the keys of the secret 
things; none knows them besides him- 
self: he knows that which is on the dry 
land and in the sea ; there falls no leaf, 
but he knows it ; neither is there a single 
grain in the dark parts of the earth, neither 
a green thing, nor a dry thing, but it 
is written in the perspicuous book. It is 
he who causes you to sleep by night, 
and knows what you merit by day; he 
also awakes you therein, that the prefixed 
term of your lives may be fulfilled ; then 
unto him shall you return, and he shall 
declare unto you that which you have 
wrought. He is supreme over his servants, 
and sends the guardian angel to watch 
over you, until, when death overtakes 
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one of you, our messengers cause him 
to die; and thejr will not neglect 
our commands. Afterwards shall they 
return unto God, their true Lord: 
does not judgment belong unto him? 
he is the most quick in uking an ac- 
count. 

Say, who delivers' you from the dark- 
ness of the land, and of the sea, when 
you call upon him humbly and in private, 
saying. Verily if thou deliver us from 
these dangers, we will surely be thankful ? 
Say, God delivers you from them, and 
from every grief of mind ; yet afterwards 
you return to your idolatries. Say, He 
is able to send on you a punishment from 
above you, or from under your feet, or 
to engage you in dissension, and to 
make some of you taste the violence of 
others. 

Observe how variously we show forth 
our signs, that peradventure they may 
understand. This people has accused 
of falsehood, the revelation which thou 
hast brought, although it be the truth. 

Say, I am not a guardian over you: 
every prophecy has its fixed time of ac- 
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complisbment ; and you will hereafter 
know it. 



THE TRUE DIRECTION 

Abandon those who make their religion 
a sport and a jest j and whom the present 
life has deceived: and admonish them 
by the Koran, that a soul becomes liable 
to destruction for that which it conimits : 
it shall have no patron or intercessor 
besides God; and if it could pay the 
utmost price of redemption, it would not 
be accepted from it. They who are de- 
livered over to perdition for that which 
they have committed, shall have boiling 
water to drink, and shall suffer a grievous 
punishment, because they have disbe^ 
lieved. 

Say, Shall we call upon that, besides 
God, which can neither profit us nor 
hurt us ? and shall we turn back on our 
heels, after that God has directed us; 
like him whom the devils have infatuated, 
wandering amazedly in the earth, and 
yet having companions who call him to 
the true direction, saying, Come unto us ? 

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Sajt 'The direction of God is the true 
direction : we are commanded to resign 
ourselves unto the Lord of all creatures ; 
and it is also commanded u$y saying, 
Observe the stated times of prayer, and 
fear him ; for it is he before whom you 
shall be assembled. It is he who has 
created the heavens and the earth in truth ; 
and whenever he says unto a thing. Be, 
it is. 

His word is the truth ; and his will 
be the kingdom on the day whereon the 
trumpet shall be sounded : he knows 
whatever is secret, and whatever is public : 
he is the wise, the knowing. 

THB BZAMPLB OP ABRAHAM 

Call to mind when Abraham said 
unto his father Azer, Dost thou take 
images for gods ? Verily I perceive that 
thou and thy people are in a manifest 
error. And thus did we show unto 
Abraham the kingdom of heaven and 
earth, that he might become one of those 
who firmly believe. And when the night 
overshadowed him, he saw a star, and he 
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said. This is my Lord % but when it set, 
he said, I like not gods which set. And 
when he saw the moon rising, he said. 
This is my Lord; but when he saw it 
set, he said. Verily if my Lord direct me 
not, I shall become one of the people 
who go astray. And when he saw the 
sun rising, he said. This is my Lord, 
this is the greatest ; but when it set, he 
said, O my people, verily I am clear of 
that which you associate with God: I 
direct my face unto him who created the 
heavens and the earth; I am orthodox, 
and am not one of the idolaters. 

And his people disputed with him: 
and he said. Will you dispute with me 
concerning God? since he has now 
directed me, and I fear not that which 
you associate with him, unless that my 
Lord will a thing; for my Lord com- 
prehends all things by his knowledge : will 
you not therefore consider? And how 
should I fear that which you associate 
with God, since you fear not to have 
associated with God that concerning 
which he has sent down unto you no 
authority ? which therefore of the two 

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parties is the more safe, if you under- 
stand aright ? 

They who believe and clothe not their 
faith with injustice, they shall enjoy 
security, and they are rightly directed. 
And this is our argument wherewith we 
furnished Abraham against his people: 
we exalt unto degrees of wisdom and 
knowledge whom we please; for thy 
Lord is wise and knowing. And we gave 
unto him Isaac and Jacob; we directed 
them both: and Noah had we before 
directed, and of his posterity David and 
Solomon; and Job, and Joseph, and 
Moses, and Aaron : thus do we reward the 
righteous : and Zacharias, and John, and 
Jesus, and Elias ; all of them were up- 
right men : and Ismael, and Elisha, and 
Jonas, and Lot ; all these have we fa- 
voured above the rest of the world ; and 
also divers of their fathers, and their issue, 
and their brethren ; and we chose them, 
and directed them into the right way. 

This is the direction of God, he directs 
thereby such of his servants as he pleases ; 
but if they had been guilty of idolatry, 
that which they wrought would have 

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become utterly fruitless unto them. 
Those were the persons unto whom we 
gave the scripture, and wisdom, and 
prophecy ; but if these believe not therein, 
we will commit the care of them to a 
people who shall not disbelieve the same. 
Those were the persons whom God 
directed, therefore follow their direction. 

THB KORAN 

Say unto the inhabitants of Mecca, I 
ask of you no recompense for preaching 
the Koran ; it is no other than an admo- 
nition unto all creatures. They make 
not a due estimation of God, when they 
say, God has not sent down unto man 
anything at all : Say, Who sent down 
the book which Moses brought, a light 
and a direction unto men; which you 
transcribe on papers, whereof you publish 
some part, and great part whereof you 
conceal? and you have been taught by 
Mohammed what you knew not, neither 
your fathers. Say, God sent it down: 
then leave them to amuse themselves 
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This book which we have tent down 
it bletted; confirming that which wat 
revealed before it ; and it delivered unto 
thee that thou mayett preach it unto the 
metropolit of Mecca and to those who 
are round about it. 

And they who believe in the next life 
will believe therein, and they will dili- 
gently obterve their times of prayer. 
Who it more wicked than he who 
forges a lie concerning God? or says. 
This was revealed unto me, when noth- 
ing has been revealed unto him? and 
who says, I will produce a revelation 
like unto diat which God has sent down ? 
If thou didst see when the ungodly are 
in the pangs of death, and the angels 
reach out their hands, saying. Cast forth 
your souls; this day shall you receive 
an ignominious punishment for that 
which you have falsely spoken concern- 
ing God ; and because you have proudly 
rejected his signs! And now are you 
come unto us alone, as we created you 
at first, and you have left that which we 
had bestowed on you, behind your backs ; 
neither do we see with you your inter- 
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cessors, whom you thought to have been 
partners with God among you : now is 
the relation between you cut off, and 
what you imagined has deceived you. 




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GOD 

God causes the grain and the date- 
stone to put forth : he brings forth the 
living from the dead, and he brings forth 
the dead from the living. This is God. 

Why therefore are you turned away 
from him ? He causes the morning to 
appear ; and has ordained the night for 
rest, and the sun and the moon for the 
computing of time. This is the dispo- 

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sition of the mighty, the wise God. He 
hzs ordained the stars for you, that you 
may be directed thereby in the darkness 
of the bmd and of the sea. 

We have clearly shown forth our signs, 
unto people who understand. It is he 
who has produced you from one soul ; and 
has provided for you a sure receptacle and 
a repository. We have clearly shown 
forth our signs, unto people who are wise. 
It is he who sends down water from 
heaven, and we have thereby produced 
the springing buds of all things, and have 
thereout produced the green thing, from 
which we produce the grain growing 
in rows, and palm-trees from whose 
branches proceed clusters of dates hang- 
ing close together; and gardens of 
grapes, and olives, and pomegranates, 
both like and unlike to one another. 

Look on their fruits, when they bear 
fruit, and their growing to maturity. 
Truly herein are signs, unto people who 
believe. 

Yet they have set up the genii as 
partners with God, although he created 
them: and they have falsely attributed 
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unto him tons and daughters, without 
knowledge. Praise be unto him; and 
far be that from him which they attribute 
unto him I He is the maker of heaven 
and earth: how should he have issue, 
since he has no consort ? he has created 
all things, and be is omniscient. This is 
God your Lord; there is no God but 
he, the creator of all things : therefore 
serve him; for he takes care of all 
things. The sight comprehends him 
not, but he comprehends the sight ; he is 
the gracious, the wise. 

IDOLATRY 

Now have evident demonstrations 
come unto you from your Lord ; who- 
ever sees them, the advantage thereof 
will redound to his own soul : and who- 
ever is wilfully blind, the consequence 
will be to himself. I am not a keeper 
over you. Thus do we various^ explain 
our signs ; that they may say, Inou hast 
studied diligently; and that we may 
declare them unto people of understand- 
ing. Follow that which has been re- 

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vealcd unto thee from thy Lordi there 
is no God but he : retire therefore from 
the idolaters. If God had so pleased, 
they had not been guilty of idolatry. 
We have not appointed thee a keeper 
over them ; neither art thou a guardian 
over them. Revile not the idols which 
they invoke besides God, lest they ma- 
liciously revile God without knowledge. 
Thus have we prepared for every 
nation their works : hereafter unto God 
shall they return, and he shall declare 
unto them that which they have 
done. They have sworn by God, by 
the most solemn oath, that if a sign came 
unto them, they would certainly believe 
therein: &rv. Verily signs are in the 
power of God alone; and he permits 
you not to understand that when they 
come, they will not believe. And we 
will turn aside their hearts and their 
sight from the truth, as they believed not 
therein the first time ; and we will leave 
them to wander in their error. And 
though we had sent down angels unto 
them, and the dead had spoken unto them, 
and we had gathered together before 
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them all things in one view i they would 
not have believed, unlets God had so 
pleased: but the greater part of them 
know it not. 

Thus have we appointed unto every 
prophet an enemy ; the devils of men, 
and of genii : who privately suggest the 
one to the other specious discourses to 
deceive ; but if thy Lord pleased, they 
would not have done it. Therefore 
leave them, and that which they have 
falsely imagined i and let the hwts of 
those be inclined thereto, who believe 
not in the life to come; and let them 
please themselves therein, and let them 
gain that which they are gaining. 

Shall I seek after any other judge 
besides God to judge between us ? It 
is he who has sent down unto you the 
book of the Koran, distinguishing be- 
tween good and evil ; and they to whom 
we gave the scripture know that it is 
sent down from thy Lord, with truth. 
Be not therefore one of those who doubt 
thereof. 



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THE WORD OF GOD 

The words of thy Lord are perfect 
in truth and justice ; there is none who 
can change his words: he both hears 
and knows. 3ut if thou obey the 
greater part of them who are in the earth, 
they will lead thee aside from the path 
of God: they follow an uncertain 
opinion only, and speak nothing but lies ; 
verily thy Lord well knows those who 
go astray from his path, and well knows 
those who are rightly directed. 

SIGNS 

Shall he who has been dead, and 
whom we have restored unto life, and 
unto whom we have ordained a light, 
whereby he may walk among men, be as 
he whose similitude is in darkness, from 
whence he shall not come forth ? Thus 
was that which the infidels are doing, 
prepared for them. And thus have we 
placed in every city chief leaders of the 
wicked men thereof, that they may 
act deceitfully therein ; but they shall act 
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deceitfully against their own souls only ; 
and they know it not. And when a 
sign comes unto them, they say. We 
will by no means believe until a revela- 
tion be brought unto us, like unto that 
which hath been delivered unto the 
messengers of God. God best knows 
whom he will appoint for his messen- 
ger- 

Vileness in the sight of God shall £dl 

upon those who deal wickedly, and a 
grievous punishment, because they have 
dealt deceitfully. And whomever God 
shall please to direct, he will open his 
breast to receive the faith of Islam : but 
whoever he shall please to lead into 
error, he will render his breast straight 
and narrow, as if he were climbing up 
to heaven. 

Thus God inflicts a terrible punish- 
ment on those who believe not. This 
is the right way of thy Lord. 

Now have we plainly declared our 
signs unto those people who will con- 
sider. They shall have a dwelling of 
peace with their Lord, and he shall be 
their patron, because of that which they 
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have wrought. Think on the day 
whereon God shall gather them all 
together, and shall say, O company of 
genii, you have been much concerned 
with mankind; and their friends from 
among mankind shall say, O Lord, the 
one of us has received advantage from 
the other, and we are arrived at our 
limited term which thou hast appointed 
us. 

God will say. Hell fire shall be your 
habitation, therein shall you remain for 
ever; unless as God shall please to 
mitigate your pains, for the Lord is wise 
and knowing. 

Thus do we set some of the unjust 
over others of them, because of that 
which they have deserved. O company 
of genii and man, did not messengers 
from among yourselves come unto you, 
rehearsing my signs unto you, and fore- 
warning you of the meeting of this your 
day? 

They shall answer, Wf bear witness 
against ourselves: the present life de- 
ceived them : and they shall bear witness 
against themselves that they were unbe- 
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lievers. Every one shall have degrees of 
recompense of that which they shall do ; 
for thy Lord is not regardless of that 
which they do, and thy Lord is self- 
sufficient and endued with mercy. If it 
please him he can destroy you, and 
cause such as it pleases him to succeed 
you, in like manner as he produced you 
from the posterity of other people. 

Verily that which is threatened you 
shall surely come to pass i neither shall 
you cause it to fail. 

FOOD 

Say, I find not in that which has 
been revealed unto me, anything forbid- 
den unto the eater, that he eat it not, 
except it be that which dies of itself, or 
blood poured forth, or swine's flesh : for 
this is an abomination : or that which is 
profane, having been slain in the name 
of some other than of God. But who- 
ever shall be compelled by necessity to 
eat of these things, not lusting or wil- 
fully transgressing, verily thy Lord will 
be gracious unto him and merciful. 

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Unto the Jews did we forbid every 
beast having an undivided hoof; and of 
bullocks and sheep, we forbade them the 
fat of both ; except that which should 
be on their backs, or their inwards, or 
which should be intermixed with the 
bone. This have we rewarded them 
with, because of their iniquity ; and we 
are surely speakers of truth. 

If they accuse thee of imposture, say. 
Your Lord is endued with extensive 
mercy; but his severity shall not be 
averted from wicked people. The idola^ 
ters will say. If God had pleased, we 
had not been guilty of idolatry, neither 
our fathers; and pretend that we have 
not forbidden them anything. Thus did 
they who were before them accuse the' 
prophets of imposture, until they tasted 
our severe punishment. 

PROHIBITIONS 

Say, Come ; I will rehearse that which 

vour Lord has forbidden you ; that you 

be not guilty of idolatry, and that you 

show kindness to your parents, and that 

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you murder not your children for fear 
lett you be reduced to poverty : we will 
provide for you and them } and draw not 
near unto heinous crimes, either openly 
or in secret ; and slay not the soul which 
God has forbidden you to slay, unless 
for a just cause. 

This has he enjoined you that you 
nuy understand. And meddle not with 
the substance of the orphan, otherwise 
than for the improving thereof, until 
he attain his age of strength } and use a 
full measure and a just balance. We 
will not impose a task on any soul, 
beyond its ability. And when you pro- 
nounce judgment observe justice, al- 
though it be for or against one who is 
near of kin, and fulfil the covenant of 
God. This has God commanded you, 
that you may be admonished ; and that 
you may know that this is my right 
way : therefore follow it, and follow not 
the paths of others, lest you be scattered 
from the path of God. This has he 
commanded you, that you may take heed. 

We eave also unto Moses the book 
of the Law; a perfect rule unto him 
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who should do right, and a determination 
concerning all things needful, and a di- 
rection, and mercy ; that the children of 
Israel might believe the meeting of their 
Lord. And this book which we have 
now sent down, is blessed; therefore 
follow it and fear God, that you may ob- 
tain mercy: lest you should say. The 
scriptures were sent down unto only two 
people before us ; and we neglected to 
peruse them with attention : or lest you 
should say. If a book of divine revela- 
tions had been sent down unto us, we 
should surely have been better directed 
than they. And now has a manifest 
declaration come unto you from your 
Lord, and a direction and mercy: and 
who is more unjust than he who devises 
lies against the signs of God, and turns 
aside from them? We will reward 
those who turn aside from our signs 
with a grievous punishment, because 
they have turned aside. 

Follow that which has been sent 

down unto you from your Lord; and 

follow no guides besides him : how little 

will you be warned ! How many cities 

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have we destroyed ; which our vengeance 
overtook by night, or while thcj were 
reposing themselves at noonday! And 
their supplication, when our punishment 
came upon them, was no other than that 
they said, Verily we have been unjust. 





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THE WORSHIP OF ADAM 

Wb will surely call those to an ac- 
count, unto whom a prophet has been 
sent; and we will also call those to 
account who have been sent unto them. 
And we will declare their actions unto 
them with knowledge; for we are not 
absent from them. The weighing of 
men's actions on that day shall be just ; 
and they whose balances laden with their 

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good works thill be heayj, are those who 
shall be happjr ; but they whose babnces 
shall be light, are those who have lost 
their souls, because thejr injured our 
signs. And now have we placed you 
on the earth, and have provided vou food 
therein : but how little are you thankful I 

We created you, and afterward formed 
you; and then said unto the ang^ 
Worship Adam; and they all wor- 
shipped him, except Iblis, who was not 
one of those who worshipped. 

God said unto him. What hindered 
tbee from worshipping Adam, since I 
had commanded ^ee? 

He answered, I am more excellent 
than he : thou hast created me of fire, 
and hast created him of clay. 

God said. Get thee down therefore 
from paradise ; for it is not fit that thou 
behave thyself proudly therein : get thee 
hence; thou shalt be one of the con- 
temptible. 

He answered. Give me respite until 
the day of resurrection. 

God said. Verily thou shalt be one of 
those who are respited. 
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The devil said. Because thou hast 
depraved me, I will lay wait for men in 
thy strait way; then will I come upon 
them from before, and from behind, and 
from their right hands, and from their 
left ; and thou shalt not find the greater 
part of them thankful. 

God said unto him. Get tbee hence, 
despised, and driven far away : verilv 
whoever of them shall follow thee, I will 
surely fill hell with you all : but as for 
thee, O Adam, dwell thou and thy wife 
in paradise ; and eat of the fruit thereof 
wherever you will; but approach not 
this tree, lest you become of the number 
of the unjust. 

And Satan suggested to them both, 
that he would discover unto them their 
nakedness, which was hidden from them ; 
and he said. Your Lord has not foibidden 
you this tree, for any other reason but 
lest you should become angels, or lest 
you become immortal. 

And he sware unto them, saying. 
Verily I am one of those who counsel 
you aright. And he caused them to fiUl 
through deceit. 

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And when they had tasted of the tree, 
their nakedness appeared unto them; 
and they began to join together the 
leaves of panidise, to cover themselves. 
And their Lord called to them, saying. 
Did I not forbid you this tree ; and did 
I not say unto you. Verily Satan is your 
dechured enemy I 

They answered, O Lord, we have 
dealt unjustly with our own souls ; and 
if thou forgive us not, and be not merci- 
ful unto us, we shall surely be of those 
who perish. 

God said. Get you down, the one of 
you an enemy unto the other ; and you 
shall have a dwelling-phtce upon earth, 
and a provision for a season. He said. 
Therein shall you live, and therein shall 
you die, and from thence shall you be 
taken forth at the resurrection. O chil- 
dren of Adam, we have sent down unto 
you apparel, to conceal your nakedness, 
and fair garments; but the clothing of 
piety is better. This is one of the signs 
of God; that peradventure you may 
consider. 

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EVIL BXAiCPLBS 

O children of Adam, let not Satan 
seduce you, at he expelled your parents 
out of paradise, by stripping them of their 
clothing, that he might show them their 
nakedness : verily be sees you, both he 
and his companions, whereas you see 
not them. We have appointed the devils 
to be the patrons of those who believe 
not: and when they commit a filthy 
action, they say. We found our fathers 
practising the same ; and God has com- 
mandeth us to do it. 

Say, Verily God commands not filthy 
actions. Do you speak concerning God 
that which you know not? Say, My 
Lord has commanded me to observe 
justice ; therefore set your faces to pray 
at every place of worship, and call upon 
him, approving unto him the sincerity of 
your religion. As he produced you at 
first, so unto him shall you return. A 
part of mankind has he directed i and a 
part has been justly led into error, because 
they have taken the devils for their 

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patrons betides God, and imagine that 
they are rightly directed. 

O children of Adam, take your decent 
apparel at every place of worship, and 
eat and drink, but be not guilty of excess ; 
for he loves not those who are guilty of 
excess. Say, Who has forbidden the 
decent apparel of God, which he has 
produced for his servants, and the good 
things which he has provided for food i 
Say, These things are for those who be- 
lieve, in this present life, but peculiarly 
on the day of resurrection. Tlius do 
we distinctly explain our signs unto 
people who understand. 

Say, Verily my Lord has forbidden 
filthy actions, both that which is discov- 
ered thereof, and that which is concealed, 
and also iniquity, and unjust violence; 
and has forbidden you to associate with 
God that concerning which he has sent 
you down no authority, or to speak of 
God that which you know not. 

Unto every nation there is a prefixed 
term; therefore when their term is 
expired, they shall not have respite for 
an hour, neither shall they be anticipated. 

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WOES TO COMB 

Who it more unjust than he who de- 
vises a lie concerning God, or accuses 
his signs of imposture? Unto these 
shall be given their portion of worldly 
happiness, according to what is written 
in the book of God's decrees, until our 
messengers come unto them, and shall 
cause them to die^ saying. Where arc 
the idols which you called upon, besides 
God? 

They shall answer. They have dis- 
appeared from us. And they shall bear 
witness asainst themselves, that they 
were unbelievers. 

God shall say unto them at the re- 
surrection. Enter with the nations which 
have preceded you, of genii and of 
men, into hell-fire; as often as one 
nation shall enter, it shall curse its sister, 
until they shall all have successively en- 
tered therein. 

The latter of them shall say of the 
former of them, O Lord, these have 
seduced us $ therefore inflict on them a 
double punishment of the fire of hell. 
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God shall answer. It shall be doubled 
unto all; but you know it not. And 
the former of them shall say unto the 
latter of them, You have not therefore 
any favour above us; taste the punish- 
ment for that which you have gained. 
Verily they who shall charge our signs 
with fidsehood, and shall proudly reject 
tl^m, the gates of heaven shall not be 
opened unto them, neither shall they 
enter into paradise, until a camel pass 
through the m of a needle; and thus 
will we reward the wicked doers. Their 
couch shall be in hell, and over them 
shall be coverings of fire ; and thus will 
we reward the unjust. 

But they who believe and do that 
which is right (we will not load any soul 
but according to its ability), they shall be 
the companions of paradise; ihey shall 
remain therein for ever. And we will 
remove all grudges from their minds; 
rivers shall run at their feet, and they 
shall say. Praised be God who has direct^ 
us unto this felicity ! for we should not 
have been rightly directed, if God had 
not directed us : now are we convinced 
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by demonstration that the apostles of 
our Lord came unto us with truth. 
And it shall be proclaimed unto them, 
This is paradise, whereof you are made 
heirs, as a reward for that which you 
have wrought. 

And the inhabitants of paradise shall 
call out to the inhabitants of hell fire, 
saying, Now have we found that which 
our Lord promised us to be true ; have 
you also found that which your Lord 
promised you to be true ? 

They shall answer. Yea. 

And a crier shall prockum between 
them. The curse of God shall be on the 
wicked i who turn men aside from the 
way of God, and seek to render it crooked, 
and who deny the life to come. And 
between the blessed and the damned 
there shall be a veil; and men shall 
stand on al Araf, who shall know every 
one of them by their marks ; and shall 
call unto the inhabitants of paradise, 
saying, Pea[)ce be upon you: yet they 
shall not enter therein, although they 
earnestly desire it. And when they shall 
turn their eyes towards the companions 
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of hell fire, they shall say, O Lord, place 
us not with the ungodly people ! 

And those who stand on al Aiif shall 
call unto certain men, whom they shall 
know by their marks, and shall say. 
What has your gathering of riches availed 
you, and that you were pufied up with 
pride? Are these the men on whom 
you swore that God would not bestow 
mercy ? Enter you into paradise ; there 
shall come no fear on you, neither shall 
you be grieved. 

And the inhabitants of hell fire shall 
call unto the inhabitants of paradise, say- 
ing. Pour upon us some water, or of 
those refreshments which God has be- 
stowed on you. 

They shall answer. Verily God has 
forbidden them unto the unbelievers; 
who made a laughing-stock and a sport 
of their religion, and whom the life of 
the worid has deceived: therefore this 
day will we forget them, as they did for- 
get the meeting of this day, and because 
they denied our signs. 

And now we have brought a book of 
divine revelations : we have explained it 
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with knowledge ; a direction and mercy 
unto people who shall believe* Do they 
wait for any other than the interpreta- 
tion thereof? 

On the day whereon the interpreta- 
tion thereof shall come, they who had 
forgotten the same before, shall say. 
Now are we convinced that the messen- 
gers of our Lord came with truth : shall 
we therefore have any intercessors, who 
will intercede for us? or shall we be 
sent back that we may do other than 
what we did ? 

But now have they lost their souls; 
and that which they impiously imagined, 
has fled from them. 




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GOD'S GOODNESS 

Verily your Lord is God, who created 
the heavens and the earth in six days; 
and then ascended his throne : he causes 
the night to cover the day ; it succeeds 
the same swiftly: he also created the 
sun and the moon, and the stars, which 
are absolutely subject unto his command. 
Is not the whole creation, and the empire 
thereof, his ? Blessed be God, the Lord 
of all creatures ! Call upon your Lord 
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humbly and in secret ; for he loves not 
those who transgress. And act not cor- 
ruptly in the earth, after its reformation ; 
and call upon him with fear and desire : 
for the mercv of God is near unto the 
righteous. It is he who sends the winds, 
spread abroad before his mercy, until 
they bring a cloud heavy widi rain, 
which we drive unto a dead country; 
and we cause water to descend thereon, 
by which we cause all sorts of fruits to 
spring forth. Thus will we bring forth 
the dead from their graves ; that perad- 
venture you may consider. From a 
good country shall its fruit spring forth 
abundantly, by the permission of its 
Lord ; but from the land which is bad, 
it shall not spring forth otherwise than 
scarcely. Thus do we explain the signs 
of divine providence unto people who 
are thankful. 

We formerly sent Noah unto his 
people I and he said, O my people, wor- 
ship God : you have no other God than 
him. Verily I fear for you the punish- 
ment of the great day. 

The chiefs of his people answered him, 
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We turdy perceive thee to be in a man- 
ifest error. 

He replied, O my people, there is no 
error in me; but I am a messenger 
from the Lord of all creatures. I bring 
unto you the messages of my Lord; 
and I counsel you aright : for I know 
from God that which you know not. 
Do you wonder that an admonition has 
come unto you from your Lord by a 
man from among you, to warn you, that 
you may take heed to yourselves, and 
that peradventure you may obtain mercy ? 

And thev accused him of imposture : 
but we delivered him and those who 
were with him in the ark, and we drowned 
those who charged our signs with false- 
hood; for they were a blind people. 

THE IDOLATERS AND THE PROPHET 

Unto the tribe of Ad we sent their 
brother Hfid. He said, O my people 
worship God : you have no other dod 
than him ; will you not fear him ? 

The chiefs of those among his people 
who believed not, answered. Verily we 
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perceive that thou art guided by folly ; 
and we certainly esteem thee to be one 
of the liars. 

He replied, O my people, I am not 
guided by folly i but I am a messenger 
unto you from the Lord of all creatures : 
1 bring unto you the messages of my 
Lord; and I am a faithful counsellor 
unto you. Do you wonder that an 
admonition has come unto you from 
your Lord, by a man from among you, 
that he may warn you ? Call to mind 
how he has appointed you successors 
unto the people of Noah, and has added 
unto you in stature largely. Remember 
the benefits of God, that you may 
prosper. 

Tliey said. Art thou come unto us, 
that we should worship God alone, and 
leave the deities which our fathers 
worshipped? Now bring down that 
judgment upon us, with which thou 
threatenest us, if thou speakest truth. 

H&d answered. Now shall there sud- 
denly fall upon you from your Lord 
vengeance and indignation. Will you 
dispute with me concerning the names 
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which you have named, and your fathers ; 
as to which God has not revealed unto 
you any authority ? Wait therefore, and 
I will be one of those who wait with 
you. 

And we delivered him, and them who 
believed with him, by our mercy i and 
we cut oflF the uttermost part of those 
who charged our signs with falsehood, 
and were not believers. 

And unto the tribe of Tham&d we 
sent their brother Saleh. He said, O 
my people, worship God : you have no 
Grod besides him. Now has a manifest 
proof come unto you from your Lord. 
This she-camel of God is a sign unto 
you: therefore dismiss her freely, that 
she may feed in God's earth ; and do her 
no hurt, lest a painful punishment seize 
you. And call to mind how he has 
appointed you successors unto the tribe 
of Ad, and has given you a habitation on 
earth ; you build yourMlves castles on the 
plains thereof, and cut out the mountains 
into houses. Remember therefore the 
benefits of God, and commit not violence 
in the earth, acting corruptly. The 
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chiefs among his people who were pufied 
up with pride, said unto those who were 
esteemed weak, namely, unto those who 
believed among them. Do you know 
that Saleh has been sent from his Lord ? 

They answered. We do surely believe 
in that wherewith he has been sent. 
Those who were elated with pride 
replied. Verily we believe not in that 
wherein you believe. And they cut oflF 
the feet of the camel, and insolently 
transgressed the command of their Lord, 
and said, O Saleh, cause that to come 
upon us, with which thou hast threat- 
ened us, if thou art one of those who 
have been sent by God. 

Whereupon a terrible noise from 
heaven assailed them ; and in the morn- 
ing they were found in their dwellings 
prostrate on their breasts and dead. 
And Saleh departed from them, and said, 

my people, now have I delivered 
unto you the message of my Lrord ; and 

1 advised you well, but you love not 
those who advise you well. 



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THE FATS OF ROBBBRS 

Unto Madian we sent their brother 
Shoaib. He said unto them, O my 
people, worship God ; you have no God 
besides him. Now has an evident dem- 
onstration come unto you from your 
Lord. Therefore give full measure 
and just weight, and diminish not unto 
men aught of their matters ; neither act 
corruptly in the earth, after its reforma- 
tion. This will be better for you, if 
you believe. And beset not every way, 
threatening the passenger, and turning 
aside from the path of God him who 
believes in him, and seeking to make it 
crooked. And remember, when you 
were few, and God multiplied vou : and 
behold, what has been the end of those 
who acted corruptly. And if part of 
you believe that wherewith I am sent, 
and part believe not, wait patiently until 
God judge between us; for he is the 
best judge. 

Tile chiefs of his people, who were 
elated with pride, answered. We will 
surely cast thee, O Shoaib, and those 
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who believe with thee, out of our citjr ; 
or else thou thalt certainly return unto 
our religion. 

He said. What, though we be averK 
thereto ? We shall surely imagine a lie 
against God, if we return unto your 
religion, after God has delivered us from 
the same: and we have no reason to 
return unto it, unless God our Lord shall 
please to abandon us. 

Our Lord comprehends everything 
by his knowledge. In God do we put 
our trust. O Lord, do thou judge be- 
tween us and our nation with truth } for 
thou art the best judge. And the chiefs 
of his people, who believed not, said. 
If you follow Shoaib, jrou shall surely 
perish. 

Therefore a storm from heaven 
assailed them, and in the morning they 
were found in their dwellings dead 
and prostrate. They who accused 
Shoaib of imposture became as though 
they had never dwelt therein ; they who 
accused Shoaib of imposture perished 
themselves. And he departed from 
them, and said : 

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O my people, now have I performed 
unto you the messages of my Lord ; and 
I advised you aright : but why should I 
be grieved for an unbelieving people? 
We have never sent any prophet into a 
city, but we afflicted the inhabitants 
thereof with calamity and adversity, that 
they might humble themselves. Then 
we gave them In exchange good in lieu 
of evil, until they abounded, and said. 
Adversity and prosperity formerly hap- 
pened unto our fathers, as unto us. 
Therefore we took vengeance on them 
suddenly, and they perceived it not 
beforehand. 

But if the inhabitants of those cities 
had believed and feared God, we would 
surely have opened to them blessings 
both from heaven and earth. But they 
charged our apostles with falsehood} 
wherefore we took vengeance on them, 
for that which they had been guilty of. 
Were the inhabitants therefore of those 
cities secure that our punishment should 
not fidl on them by night, while they 
slept ? Or were the inhabitants of those 
cities secure that our punishment should 
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not fall on them by day, while they 
sported? Were they therefore secure 
from the stratagem of God ? But none 
will think himself secure from the strata- 
gem of God, except the people who 
perish. And has it not manifestly ap- 
peared unto those who have inherited 
the earth after the former inhabitants 
thereof, that, if we please, we can afflict 
them for their sins ? But we will seal 
up their hearts; and they shall not 
hearken. 




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PREDESTINATION 

Evil it the similitude of thote people 
who accuse our signs of falsehood and in- 
jure their own souls. Whomever God 
shall direct, he will be rightly directed ; 
and whomever he shall lead astray, he 
shall perish. Moreover we have created 
for hell many of the genii and of men ; 
they have hearts by which they understand 
not, and they have eyes by which they 
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see not, and they have ears by which 
they hear not. These are like the brute 
beasts ; yea, they go more astray : these 
are the negligent. 

God has most excellent names : there^ 
fore call on him by the same ; and with- 
draw from those who use his names 
perversely: they shall be rewarded for 
that which they shall have wrought. 
And of those whom we have created 
there are a people who direct others with 
truth, and act justly according thereto. 
But those who devise lies against our 
signs, we will suiler them to fall gradu- 
ally into ruin, by a method which they 
know not: and I will grant them to 
enjoy a long and prosperous life; for 
my stratagem is eilectual. Do they not 
consider that there is no devil in their 
companion? He is no other than a 
public preacher. Or do they not con- 
template the kingdom of heaven and 
earth, and the things which God has 
created; and consider that peradventure 
it may be that their end draws nigh ? 
And in what new declaration will they 
believe, after this ? 

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He whom God shall cause to err, 
shall have no director; and he shall 
leave them in their impiety, wandering 
in confusion. 

They will ask thee concerning the 
last hour; at what time its coming is 
fixed? Answer, Verily the knowledge 
thereof is with my Lord, none shall 
declare the fixed time thereof, except 
he. The expectation thereof is grievous 
in heaven and on earth: it shall come 
upon you no otherwise than suddenly. 
They will ask thee, as if thou wert well 
acquainted therewith. Answer, Verily 
the knowledge thereof is with God 
alone : but the greater part of men know 
it not. 

Say, I am able neither to procure ad- 
vantage unto myself, nor to avert mis- 
chief from me, but as God pleases. If 
I knew the secrets of God, I should 
surely enjoy abundance of good, neither 
should evil befall me. Verily I am no 
other than a denouncer of threats, and a 
messenger of good tidings unto people 
who believe. It is he who has created 
you from one person, and out of him 
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produced his wife, that he might dwell 
with her ; and when he had known her, 
she carried a light burden for a time, 
wherefore she linked easily therewith. 
But when it became more heavy, they 
called upon God, their Lord, saying. If 
thou give us a child rightly shaped, we 
will surely be thankful. Yet when he 
had given them a child rightly shaped, 
they attributed companions unto him, 
for that which he had given them. But 
far be that from God, which they associ- 
ated with him ! 

IDOLATRY 

Will they associate with him fidse 
gods which create nothing, but are them- 
selves created; and can neither give 
them assistance, nor help themselves? 
And if you invite them to the true direc- 
tion, they will not follow you : it will 
be equal unto you, whether you invite 
them, or whether you hold your peace. 
Verily the false deities whom you invoke 
besides God, are servants like unto you. 
Call therefore upon them, and let them 
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give you an answer, if you speak truth. 
Have they feet, to walk with? Or 
have they hands, to lay hold with? 
Or have they eyes, to see with? Or 
have they ears, to hear with ? Say, Call 
upon your companions, and then lay a 
snare for me, and defer it not i for God 
is my protector, who sent down the book 
of the Koran i and he protects the right- 
eous. But they whom you invoke be- 
sides him, cannot assist you, neither do 
they help themselves ; and if vou call on 
them to direct you, they will not hear. 
Thou seest them look towards thee, but 
they see not. 

Use indulgence, and command that 
which is just, and withdraw far from the 
ignorant. And if an evil suggestion 
from Satan be suggested unto thee, to 
divert thee from thy duty, have recourse 
unto God ; for he hears and knows. 
Verily they who fear God, when a 
temptation from Satan assails them, re- 
member the divine commands, and be- 
hold, they clearly see the danger of sin, 
and the wiles of the devil. But as for 
the brethren of the devils, they shall con- 

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tinue them in error ; and afterwards they 
shall not preserve themselves therefrom. 
And when thou bringest not a verse of 
the Koran unto them, they say, Hast 
thou not put it together ? 

Answer, I follow that only which is 
revealed unto me from my Lord. This 
book containeth evident proofs from 
your Lord, and is a direction and mercy 
unto people who believe. And when 
the Koran is read, attend thereto, and 
keep silence ; that ye may obtain mercy. 
And meditate on thy Lord in thine own 
mind, with humility and fear, and with- 
out loud speaking, evening and morning; 
and be not one of the negligent. More- 
over the angels who are with my Lord, 
do not proudly disdain his service, but 
they celebrate his praise and worship 
him. 

THE SPOILS 

They will ask thee concerning the 
spoils: Answer, The division of the 
spoils belongs unto God and the apostle. 
Therefore fear God, and compose the 

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matter amicmbly among you ; and obey 
God and his apostle, if you are true 
believers. 

Verily the true believers are those 
whose hearts fear when God is men- 
tioned, and whose faith increases when 
his signs are rehearsed unto them, and 
who trust in their Lord; who observe 
the stated times of prayer, and give alms 
out of that which we have bestowed on 
them. These are really believers : they 
shall have superior degrees of felicity 
with their Lord, and forgiveness, and an 
honourable provision. 

PROMISB OF VICTORY 

I will cast a dread into the hearts of 
the unbelievers. Therefore strike oflF 
their heads, and strike oflF all the ends 
of their fingers. This, because they 
have resisted God and his apostle : and 
whoever shall oppose God and his 
apostle, verily God will be severe in 
punishing him. This shall be your 
punishment ; taste it therefore : and the 
infidels shall also suflfer the torment of 
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hell fire. O true believen, when you 
meet the unbelievers marching in great 
numbers against you, turn not your 
backs unto them : for whoever shall turn 
his back unto them on that day, unless 
he turns aside to fight, or retreats to 
another party of the faithful, shall draw 
on himself the indignation of God, and 
his abode shall be hell; an ill journey 
shall it be thither ! And you yourselves 
slew not those who were slain at Bedr, but 
God slew them. Neither didst thou, O 
Mohammed, cast the gravel into their 
eyes, when thou didst seem to cast it ; 
but God cast it, that he might prove the 
true beHevers by a gracious trial from 
himself; for God hears and knows. 
This was done that God might also 
weaken the crafty devices of the un- 
believers* 

PORGIVBNE8S 

O true believers, obey God and his 

apostle, and turn not back from him, 

since you hear the admonitions of the 

Koran. And be not as those who say, 

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We hear, when they do not hear. Verily 
the worst sort of beasts in the sight of 
God, are the deaf and the dumb, who 
understand not. If God had known 
any good in them, he would ceruinly 
have caused them to hear : and if he had 
caused them to hear, they would surely 
have turned back, and have retired afar 
off. O true believers, answer God and 
his apostle, when he invites you unto 
that which 'gives you life ; and know 
that God goes between a man and his 
heart, and that before him you shall be 
assembled. 

Beware of sedition ; it will not afiect 
those who are ungodly among you par- 
ticularly, but all of you in general ; and 
know that God is severe in punishing. 
And remember when you were few, and 
reputed weak in the land; you feared 
lest men should snatch you away; but 
God provided you a place of refuge, and 
he strengthened you with his assistance, 
and bestowed on you good things, that 
you might give thanks. 

O true believers, deceive not God and 
his aposde ; neidier violate your faith, 
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against your own knowledge. And 
know that your wealth, and your chil- 
dren are a temptation unto you ; and that 
with God is a great reward. O true 
believers, if you fear God, he will grant 
you a distinction, and will expiate your 
sins from you, and will forgive you i for 
God is endued with great liberality. 

And call to mind when the unbelievers 
plotted against thee, that they might 
either detain thee in bonds, or put thee 
to death, or expel thee the city, and 
tbev plotted against thee : but God laid 
a plot against them ; and God is the best 
layer of plots. And when our signs are 
repeated unto them, they say. We have 
heard ; if we pleased we could certainly 
pronounce a composition like unto this : 
this is nothing but fables of the ancients. 

And when they said, O God, if this 
be the truth from thee, rain down stones 
upon us from heaven, or inflict on us 
some other grievous punishment. , But 
God was not disposed to punish them, 
while thou wast with them; nor was 
God disposed to punish them when they 
asked pardon. But they have nothing 
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to ofier in excuse why God should not 
punish them, since they hindered the 
believers from visiting the holy temple, 
although they are not the guardians 
thereof. The guardians thereof are 
those only who fear God; but the 
greater part of them know it not. And 
their prayer at the house of God is no 
other than whistling and clapping of the 
hands. Taste therefore the punishment, 
because you have been unbelievers. 

They who believe not, expend their 
wealth to obstruct the way of God: 
they shall expend it, but afterwards it 
shall become matter of sighing and regret 
unto them, and at length they shall be 
overcome; and the unbelievers shall 
be gathered together into hell ; that God 
may distinguish the wicked from the 
good, and may throw the wicked one 
upon the other, and may gather them all 
in a heap, and cast them into hell. These 
are they who shall perish. Say unto the 
unbelievers, that if they desist from 
opposing thee, what is ahneady past shall 
be forgiven them ; but if they return to 
attack thee, the exemfrfary punishment 
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of the former opposert of the prophets 
is already past, and the like shall be 
inflicted on them. 

Therefore fight against them until 
there be no opposition in favour of idol- 
atry, and the religion be wholly God's. 
If they desist, verily God sees that which 
they do : but if they turn back, know that 
God is your patron) he is the best 
patron, and the best helper. 




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PERSEVERANCE 

O TKUB believen, when vou meet a 
ptrty of the infidek, stand finn, and 
remember God frequently, that you may 
prosper : and obey God and his apostle, 
and be not refractory, lest you be dis- 
couraged, and your success depart from 
you; but persevere with patience, for 
God is with those who persevere. And 
be not as those who went out of their 
houses in an insolent manner, and to 
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appear with ostenution unto men, and 
turaed aside from the way of God ; for 
God comprehends that which they do. 

And remember when Satan prepared 
their works for them, and said. No man 
shall prevail against you to-day i and I 
will surely be near to assist you. But 
when the two armies appeared in sight 
of each other, he turned back on his 
heels, and said. Verily I am clear of you : 
I certainly see that which you see not } I 
fear God, for God is severe in punish- 
ing. 

When the hypocrites, and those in 
whose hearts there was an infirmity, said. 
Their religion has deceived these men : 
but whoever confides in God cannot be 
deceived; for God is mighty and wise. 
And if thou didst behold when the angek 
cause the unbelievers to die : they strike 
their faces and their backs, and say unto 
them. Taste you the pain of burning : 
this shall you suffer for that which your 
hands have sent before you ; and because 
God is not unjust toward his servants. 

These have acted according to the 
wont of the people of Pharaoh, and of 
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those before them^ who disbelieved in the 
signs of God : therefore God took them 
away in their iniquity } for God is 
mighty, and severe in punishing. This 
has come to pass because God changes 
not his grace, wherewith he has favoured 
any people, until they change that which 
is in their souls $ and because God both 
hears and sees. According to the wont 
of the people of Pharaoh, and of those 
before them, who charged the signs of 
their Lord with imposture, have they 
acted : wherefore we destroyed them in 
their sins, and we drowned the people 
of Pharaoh; for they were all unjust 
persons. 

OBSTINATE INFIDBU 

Verily the worst cattle in the sight of 
God are those who are obstinate infidels, 
and will not believe. As to those who 
enter into a league with thee, and after- 
wards violate their league at every con- 
venient opportunity, and fear not God ; 
if thou take them in war, disperse, by 
making them an example, those who 
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shall come after them, that they may be 
warned ; or if thou apprehend treachery 
from any people, throw back their ItMgac 
unto them, with like treatment ; for God 
loves not the treacherous. And think 
not that the unbelievers have escaped 
God's vengeance, for they shall not 
weaken the power of God. Therefore 
prepare against them what force you are 
able, and troops of horse, whereby you 
may strike a terror into the enemy of 
God, and your enemy, and into other 
infidels besides them, whom you know 
not, but God knows them. 

And whatever you shall expend in the 
defence of the religion of God, it shall 
be repaid unto you, and you shadl not be 
treated unjustly. And if they incline 
unto peace, do thou also incline thereto ; 
and put thy confidence in God, for it is he 
who hears and knows. But if they seek 
to deceive thee, verily God will be thy 
support. It is he who has strengthened 
thee with his help, and with that of the 
ftithfiil ; and has united their hearts. If 
thou hadst expended whatever riches are 
in the earth, thou couldst not have 
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antml their heartt^but God united them ; 
for he is mi^ty and wise. 

O prophet, God is thy support, and 
such of the true believers who follow 
thee. O prophet, stir up the &ithful to 
war: if twenty of you persevere widi 
constancy, they shall overcome two 
hundred, and if there be one hundred of 
you, they shall overcome a thousand 
of those who believe not ; because they 
are a people which do not undersund. 
Now hath God eased you, for he knew 
that you were weak. If there be a hun- 
dred of you who persevere with con- 
stancy, they shall overcome two hundred ; 
and if there be a thousand of vou, they 
shall overcome two thousand, by the 
permission of God) for God is with 
those who persevere. 

CAFTIVIS 

O prophet, say unto the captives who 
are in your hsinds. If God shall know any 
good to be in your hearts, he will give 
you better than what haul been taken 
from you } and he will forgive you, for 
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God is gracious and merciful. But if 
they seek to deceive thee, verily they 
have deceived God before; wherefore 
he hath given thee power over them : and 
God is knowing and wise. Moreover 
they who have believed,and have fled their 
country, and employed their substance 
and their persons in fighting for the re- 
ligion of God, and they who have given 
the prophet a refuge among them, and 
have assisted him, these shall be deemed 
the one nearest of kin to the other. 

But they who have believed, but have 
not fled their country, shall have no right 
of kindred at all with you, until they also 
fly. Yet if they ask assistance of you 
on account of religion, it belongs unto 
you to give them assistance; except 
against a people between whom and your- 
selves there shall be a league subsisting : 
and God sees that which you do. 

And as to the infidels, let them be 
deemed of kin the one to the other. Un- 
less you do this, there will be a sedition in 
the earth, and grievous corruption. But 
as for them who have believed, and left 
their country, and have fought for God's 
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true religion, and who have allowed the 
prophet a retreat among them, and have 
assisted him, these are really believers ; 
they shall receive mercy, and an 
honourable provision. And thev who 
have believed since, and have fled their 
country, and have fought with you, 
these also are of you. 

IDOLATBRS 

It is not fitting that the idolaters 
should visit the temples of God, being 
witnesses against their own souls of their 
infidelity. The works of these men are 
vain ; and they shall remain in hell fire 
for ever. But he only shall visit the 
temples of God, who believes in God and 
the last day, and is constant at prayer, 
and pays the legal alms, and fears God 
alone. These perhaps may become of the 
number of those who are rightly directed. 

Do you reckon the giving of drink to 
the pilgrims, and the visiting of the holy 
temple, to be actions as meritorious as 
those performed by him who believes 
in God and the last day, and fights for 
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the religion of God? They shall not 
be held equal with God : for God directs 
not the unrighteous people. They who 
have believed, and fled their counaiy, and 
employed their substance and their 
persons in the defence of God's true 
religion, shall be in the highest degree 
of honour with God ; and these are diey 
who shall be happy. Their Lord sends 
them good tidings of mercv from him, 
and good will, and of gardens wherein 
they shall enjoy lasting pleasure; they 
shall continue therein for ever : for God 
is a great reward. 

O true believers, take not your fathers 
or your brethren for friends, if they love 
inndelity above faith; and whoever 
among you shall take them for his friends, 
they wul be unjust doers. Say, If your 
fathers, and your sons, and your breth- 
ren, and your wives, and your relations, 
and your substance which you have 
acquired, and your merchandise which 
you apprehend may not be sold off, and 
your dwellings wherein you delight, be 
more dear unto you than God, and his 
apostle, and the advancement of his 
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religion i wait, until God shall send 
his command: for God directs not the 
ungodly people. 

O true belierers, reriljr the idolaters 
are unclean; let them not therefore 
come near unto the holy temple after 
this year. And if you fear want, by the 
cutting off trade and communication with 
them, God will enrich you of his abun- 
dance, if he pleases i for God is know- 
ing and wise. Fight against them who 
believe not in God, nor in the last day, 
and forbid not that which God and his 
apostle have forbidden, and profess not 
the true religion, of those unto whom the 
scriptures have been delivered, until they 
pay tribute by right of subjection, and 
they be reduced. 

The Jews say, Ezra is the son of 
Godc and the Christians say, Christ is 
the son of God. This is their saying 
in their mouths : They imitate the saying 
of those who were unbelievers in former 
times. May God resist them. How 
are they infatuated! They take their 
priests and their monks for their lords, 
besides God, and Christ the son of 
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Mary; although they are commanded 
to worship one God only: there is no 
God but he ; far be that from him, which 
they associate with him ! 

They seek to extinguish the light of 
God with their mouths ; but God wills no 
other than to perfect his light, although 
the infidels be averse thereto. It is he 
who has sent his apostle with the direc- 
tion, and true religion: that he may 
cause it to appear superior to every other 
religion i although the idolaters be averse 
thereto. O true believers, verily many 
of the priests and monks devour the 
substance of men in vanity, and obstruct 
the way of God. But unto those who 
treasure up gold and silver, and employ 
it not for the advancement of God's true 
religion, denounce a grievous punish- 
ment. On the day of judgment their 
treasures shall be intensely heated in the 
fire of hell, and their foreheads, and their 
sides, and their backs shall be stigma- 
tized therewith; and their tormentors 
shall say. This is what you have treas- 
ured up for your souls; taste therefore 
that which you have treasured up. 

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CALL TO WAR 

Unless you go forth when you are 
summoned to war, God will punish you 
with a grievous punishment ; and he will 
place another people in your stead, and 
you shall not hurt him at all ; for God is 
almighty. If you assist not the prophet, 
verily God will assist him, as he assisted 
him formerly, when the unbelievers 
drove him out of Mecca, the second of 
two : when they were both in the cave : 
when he said unto his companion. Be 
not grieved, for God is with us. And 
God sent down his security upon him, 
and strengthened him with armies of 
angels, whom you saw not. And he 
made the word of those who believed not 
to be abased, and the word of God was 
exalted: for God is mighty and wise. 
Go forth to battle, both light and heavy, 
and employ your substance and your 
persons for the advancement of God's 
religion. This will be better for you, 
if you know it. 

If it had been a near advantage and a 
moderate journey, they had surely fol- 
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lowed thee ; but the way seemed tedious 
unto them : and yet they will swear by 
God, saying. If we had been able, we 
had surely gone forth with you. They 
destroy their own souls; for God knows 
that they are liars. 

They who believe in God and the 
last day, wiU not ask leave of thee to be 
excused from employing their substance 
and their persons for the advancement 
of God's true religion $ and God knows 
those who fear him. Verily they only 
will ask leave of thee to stay behind, 
who believe not in God and the last day, 
and whose hearts doubt concerning the 
faith : wherefore they are tossed to and 
fro in their doubting. If they had been 
willing to go forth with thee, they had 
ceruinly prepared for that purpose a 
provision of arms and necessaries: but 
God was averse to their going forth; 
wherefore he rendered them slothful, 
and it was said unto them. Sit still with 
those who sit still. If they had gone forth 
with you, they had only been a burden 
unto you, and had run to and fro be- 
tween you, stirring you up to sedi- 
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m^mw9^^mK:mm 



tion; and there would have been some 
among you who would have given 
ear unto them: and God knows the 
wicked. 




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ALMSGIVING 

Alms are to be distributed only unto 
the poor and the needy, and those who 
are employed in collecting and distribu- 
ting the same, and unto those whose 
hearts are reconciled, and for the re- 
demption of captives, and unto those 
who are in debt and insolvent, and for 
the advancement of God's religion, and 
unto the traveller. This is an ordinance 
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from God: and God it knowing and 
wise. 

There are some of them who injure 
the prophet, and say. He is an ear: 
Answer, he is an ear of good unto you : 
he believes in God, and gives credit to 
the faithful, and is a mercy unto such 
of you who believe. But they who 
injure the apostle of God, shall suffer 
a painful punishment. They swear unto 
you by Grod, that they may please you ; 
but it is more just that they should 
please God and his apostle, if they are 
true believers. Do they not know that 
he who opposes God and his apostle, 
shall without doubt be punished with 
the fire of hell ; and shall remain therein 
for ever ? This will be great ignominy. 

Hypocritical men and women are the 
one of them or the other : they command 
that which is evil, and forbid that which 
is just, and shut their hands from giving 
alms. They have forgotten God; 
wherefore he has foigotten them : verily 
the hypocrites are those who act wickedly. 
God denounces unto the hypocrites, both 
men and women, and to the unbelievers, 
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the fire of hell ; they shall remain therein 
for ever } this will be their sufficient re- 
ward i God has cursed them, and they 
shall endure a lasting torment. As they 
who have been before you, so are you. 
They were superior to you in strength, 
and had more abundance of wealth and 
of children ; and they enjoyed their por- 
tion in this world $ and you also enjoy 
your portion here, as they who have pre- 
ceded you enjoyed their portion. And 
you engaged yourselves in vain dis- 
courses, like unto those wherein they 
engaged themselves. The works of 
these are vain both in this world and 
that which is to come; and these are 
they who perish. Have they not been 
acquainted with the history of those who 
have been before them ? of the people 
of Noah, and of Ad, and of Thamfid, 
and of the people of Abraham, and of 
the inhabitants of Madian, and of the 
cities which were overthrown? Their 
apostles came unto them with evident 
demonstrations: and God was not dis- 
posed to treat them unjustly ; but they 
dealt unjustly with their own souls. 
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And the faithful men and the fiuthful 
women are friends one to another : they 
command that which is just, and th^ 
forbid that which is evil ; and they are 
constant at prayer, and pay their ap- 
pointed alms; and they 6bej God and 
his apostle: unto these wUl God be 
merciful; for he is mighty and wise. 
God promises unto this true believers, 
both men and women, gardens through 
which rivers flow, wherein they shall 
remain for ever ; and delicious dwellings 
in g^dens of perpetual abode ; but good- 
will from God shall be their most excel- 
lent reward. This will be great felicity. 

O prophet, wage war against the 
unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be 
severe unto them : for their dwelling shall 
be hell ; an unhappy journey shall it be 
thither I They swear by God that they 
said not what they are charged with: 
yet they spake the word of infidelity, 
and became unbelievers, after they had 
embraced Islim. And they designed 
that which they could not efiect; and 
they did not disapprove the design for 
any other reason, than because God and 
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his apostle had enriched them, of his 
bounty. If thejr repent, it will be better 
for them ; but if they relapse, God will 
punish them with a grievous torment, in 
this world and in die next; and they 
shall have no patron on earth, nor any 
protector. 

There are some of them who made a 
covenant with God, saying. Verily if he 
give us of his abundance, we will give 
alms, and become righteous people. 
Yet when he had given unto them of 
his abundance, they became covetous 
thereof, and turned back, and retired afar 
off. Wherefore he has caused hypoc- 
risy to succeed in their hearts, until the 
day whereon they shall meet him; be- 
cause they failed to perform unto God 
that which they had promised him, and 
for that they prevaricated. 

Do they not know that God knows 
whatever they conceal, and their private 
discourses ; and that God is the knower 
of secrets ? They who traduce such of 
the believers as are liberal in giving alms 
beyond what they are obliged, and those 
who find nothing to give but what they 
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gain by their industry; and therefore 
scoff at them : God shall scoff at them, 
and they shall sufier a grievous punish- 
ment. Ask forgiveness for them, or do 
not ask forgiveness for them, it will be 
equal. If thou ask forgiveness for them 
seventy times, God will by no means 
forgive them. This is the divine pleas- 
ure, because they believe not in God 
and his apostle. 

ACTIONS GOOD AND EVIL 

Others have acknowledged their crimes. 
Thev have mixed a good action with 
another which is bad: peradventure 
God will be turned unto them; for 
God is gracious and merciful. Take 
alms of their substance, that thou 
mayest cleanse them and purify them 
thereby; and pray for them: for thy 
prayers shall be a security of mind unto 
them; and God both hears and knows. 
Do they not know that God accepts 
repentance from his servants, and accepts 
alms ; and that God is easy to be recon- 
ciled and merciful? Say unto them, 
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Work as you will ; but God will behold 
your work, and his apostle also, and the 
true believers : and you shall be brought 
before him who knows that which is 
kept secret, and that which is made 
public; and he will declare unto you 
whatever you have done. And there 
are others who wait with suspense the 
decree of God i whether he will punish 
them, or whether he will be turned unto 
them : but God is knowing and wise. 

There are some who have built a 
temple to hurt the faithful, and to 
propagate infidelity, and to foment divi- 
sion among the true believers, and for a 
lurking-place for him who has fought 
against God and his apostle in time past ; 
and they swear, saying. Verily we in- 
tended no other than to do for the best : 
but God is witness that they do certainly 
lie. Stand not up to pray therein for ever. 

There is a temple founded on piety, 
from the first day of its building. It is 
more just that thou stand up to pray 
therein : therein are men who love to be 
purified; for God loves the clean. 
Whether therefore is he better, who has 
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founded his building on the fear of God 
amd hit goodwill ; or he who has founded 
his building on the brink of a bank of 
earth which is washed away by waters^ 
so that it falls with him into the fire of 
hellf God directs not the ungodly 
people. Their building which they 
have built will not cease to be an occa- 
sion of doubting in their hearts, until 
their hearts be cut in pieces ; and God is 
knowing and wise. Verily God has pur- 
chased of the true believers their souls and 
their substance, promising them the en- 
joyment of paradise ; on condition that 
they fight for the cause of God: whether 
they slay or be slain, the promise 
for the same is assuredly due by the law, 
and the gospel, and the Koran. And 
who performs his contract more faith- 
fully than Godf Rejoice therefore in 
the contract which you have made. 
This shall be great happiness. 

The penitent, and those who serve 
God, and praise him, and who fiut, and 
bow down, and worship ; and who com- 
mand that which is just, and forbid that 
which is evil, and keep the ordinances 
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of God, shall likewise be rewarded with 
paradise: wherefore bear good tidings 
unto the faithful. 



PRAYBRS 

It is not allowed unto the prophet, or 
those who are true believers, that they 
pray for idolaters, although they be of 
kin, after it is become known unto them, 
that they are inhabitants of hell. Neither 
did Abraham ask forgiveness for his father, 
otherwise than in pursuance of a promise 
which he had promised unto him : but 
when it became known unto him, that he 
was an enemy unto God, he declared 
himself clear of him. Verily Abraham 
was pitiful and compassionate. Nor is 
God disposed to lead people into error, 
after he has directed them, until that 
which they ought to avoid is become 
known unto them ; for God knows all 
things. Verily unto God belongs the 
kingdom of heaven and of earth; he 
gives life, and he causes to die ; and you 
have no patron or helper besides God. 

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^ < ^- ' ■— *- ' 



DUTY OF BSLIBVBRB 

O true believert, fear God, and be 
with the sincere. There was no reason 
why the inhabitants of Medina, and the 
Arabs of the desert who dweU around 
them, should suy behind the apostle of 
God, or should prefer themselves before 
him. This is unreasonable: because 
they are not distressed either by thirst 
or labour or hunger, for the defence of 
God's true religion ; neither do they stir 
a step, which may irritate the unbelievers i 
neither do they receive from the enemy 
any damage, but a good work is written 
down unto them for the same ; for God 
sufiers not the reward of the righteous 
to perish. And they contribute not any 
sum either small or great, nor do they 
pass a valley, but it is written down unto 
them, that God may reward them with 
a recompense exceeding that which they 
have wrought. The believers are not 
obliged to go forth to war all together : 
if a part of every band of them go not 
forth, it is that they may diligently in- 
struct themselves in their religion ; and 
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may admonish their people, when they 
return unto them, that they may uke 
heed to themselves. O true believers, 
wage war against such of the infidels as 
are near ybu ; and let them find severity 
in you: and know that God is with 
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FAITH AND DOUBT 

Whenevbr a Sun is sent down, there 
are some of them who say. Which of 
you has this caused to increase in hith I 
It will increase the faith of those who 
believe, and they shall rejoice : but unto 
those in whose hearts there is an infirmity, 
it will add farther doubt unto their present 
doubt ; and they shall die in their infidel- 
ity. Do they not see that they are tried 
every year once or twice ? Yet they 
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repent not, neither are they warned. 
And whenever a Sura is sent down, they 
look at one another, saying. Does anyone 
see you ? Then do they turn aside. 

God shall turn aside their hearts from 
the truth ; because they are a people who 
do not understand. Now has an apos- 
tle come unto you of our own nation, an 
excellent person : it is grievous unto him 
that you commit wickedness ; he is care- 
ful over you, and compassionate and 
merciful toward the believers. If they 
turn back, say, God is my support : there 
is no God but he. On him do I trust ; 
and he is the Lord of the magnificent 
throne. 

TIMES AND SEASONS 

Verily your Lord is God, who created 
the heavens and the earth in six days; 
and then ascended his throne, to take 
on himself the government of all things. 
There is no intercessor, but by his per- 
mission. This is God, your Lord ; there- 
fore serve him. Will you not consider ? 
Unto him shall you all return, according 
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to the certain promite of God; for he 
produces a creature, and then causes it 
to return again; that he may reward 
those who believe and do that which is 
right, with equity. 

But as for the unbelievers, thev shall 
drink boiling water, and they shall sufier 
a grievous punishment, because they have 
disbelieved. It is he who has ordained 
the sun to shine by day, and the moon 
for a light by night ; and has appointed 
her stations, that you might know the 
number of years, and the computation of 
time. God has not created this, but with 
truth. He explains his signs unto people 
who understand. Moreover in the vicis- 
situde of night and day, and whatever 
God has created in heaven and earth, are 
surely signs unto men who fear him. 
Verily they who hope not to meet us at 
the list day, and delight in this present 
life, and rest securely in the same, and 
who are negligent of our signs, their dwell- 
ing shall be hell fire, for that which they 
have deserved. But as to those who 
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faith; they shall have rivers flowing 
through gardens of pleasure. Their 
prayer therein shall be. Praise be unto 
thee, O God ! and their salutation therein 
shall be. Peace ! and the end of their 
prayer shall be. Praise be unto God, the 
Lord of all creatures ! If God should 
cause evil to hasten unto men, accord- 
ing to their desire of hastening good, 
verily their end had been decreed. 
Wherefore we sufier those who hope not 
to meet us at the resurrection, to wander 
amazedly in their error. 

INORATITUDB 

When evil befalls a man; he prays 
unto us lying on his side, or sitting, or 
standing : but when we deliver him from 
his affliction, he continues his former 
course of life, as if he had not called 
upon us to defend him s^nst the evil 
which had befallen him. Thus was that 
which the transgressors committed pre- 
pared for them. We formerly destroyed 
the generations who were before you, O 
men of Mecca, when they had acted un- 
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justly, and our apostles had come unto 
them with evident miracles, and they 
would not believe. Thus do we reward 
the wicked people. Afterwards did we 
cause you to succeed them in the earth ; 
that we mig^t see how you would act. 

When our evident signs are recited 
unto them, they who hope not to meet 
us at the resurrection, say. Bring a differ- 
ent Koran from this; or make some 
change therein. Answer, It is not fit 
for me, that I should chanee it at my 
pleasure: I follow that only which is 
revealed unto me. 

THB RIVBLATION 

Verily I fear, if I should be disobedient 
unto my Lord, the punishment of the 
great day. Say, If God had so pleased, 
I had not read it unto you, neither had 
I taught you the same. I have already 
dwelt among you to the age of for^ 
years, before I received it Do you 
not therefore understand? And who 
is more unjust than he who devises a 
lie against God, or accuses his signs 
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of falsehood? Surely the wicked shall 
not prosper. 

PRAYBR IN DANGBR 

Verily that which is hidden is known 
only unto God : wait therefore the pleas- 
ure of God ; and I also will wait for you. 
• •• It is he who has given you con- 
veniences for travelling by land and by 
sea ; so that you are in ships, which sail 
with them with a favourable wind, and 
they rejoice therein. And when a tem- 
pestuous wind overtakes them, and waves 
come upon them from every side, and 
they think themselves to be encom- 
passed with inevitable dangers ; they call 
upon God, exhibiting the pure religion 
unto him, and saying. Verily, if thou de- 
liver us from this peril, we will be of 
those who give thanks. But when he 
has delivered them, behold, they behave 
themselves insolently in the earth, with- 
out justice. O men. Verily the violence 
which you commit against your own 
souls, is for the enjoyment of this pres- 
ent life only; afterwards unto us shall 

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you return, and we will declare unto you 
that which you have done, 

THB PRB8ENT UFB 

Verily the likeness of this present life 
is no other than as water, which we 
send down from heaven, and wherewith 
the productions of the earth are mixed, 
of which men eat, and cattle also, until 
the earth receive iu vesture, and be 
adorned with various planu : the inhab- 
itants thereof imagine that they have 
power over the same ; but our command 
comes unto it by night or by day, and 
we render it as if it had been mown, as 
if it had not yesterday abounded with 
fruiu. Thus do we explain our signs 
unto people who consider. 

God invites unto the dwelling of 
peace, and directs whom he pleases into 
the right way. They who do right shall 
receive a most excellent reward, and a 
superabundant addition; neither black- 
ness nor shame shall cover their faces. 
These shall be the inhabitants of para- 
dise I they shall continue therein for ever. 
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But they who commit evil shall re- 
ceive the reward of evil, equal thereunto, 
and they shall be covered with shame 
(for they shall have no protector against 
God); as if their faces were covered 
with the profound darkness of the night. 
These shall be the inhabiunts of hell 
fire 'y they shall remain therein for ever. 

On the day of the resurrection we will 
gather them all together; then will we 
say unto the idolaters. Get you to your 
place, you and your idols : and we will 
separate them from one another; and 
their idols shall say unto them. You did 
not worship us ; and God is a sufficient 
witness between us and you ; neither did 
we mind your worshipping of us. There 
shall every soul experience that which it 
shall have sent before it ; and they shall 
be brought before God, their true Lord i 
and the false deities which they vainly 
imagined, shall disappear from before 
them. 

Say, Who provides you food from 
heaven and earth ? or who has the abso- 
lute power over the hearing and the 
sight? and who brings forth the living 
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from the dead, and brings forth the dead 
from the living? and who governs all 
things? 

lliey will surely answer, God, 
Say, Will ye not therefore fear hini ? 
This is therefore God, your true Lord : 
and what remains there after truth, ex- 
cept error? How therefore are you 
turned aside from the truth? Thus is 
the word of thy Lord verified upon them 
who do wickedly; that they believe 
not. 

Say, Is there any of your idols who 
produces a creature, and then causes it 
to return unto himself? Say, God pro- 
duces a creature, and then causes it to 
return unto himself. How therefore are 
you turned aside from his worship ? Say, 
Is there any of your idols who directs 
unto the truth ? Say, God directs unto 
the truth. Whether is he therefore, who 
directs unto the truth, more worthy to 
be followed ; or he who directs not, un- 
less he be directed? What ails you, 
therefore, that you judge as you do ? 
And the greater part of them Tollow an 
uncertain opinion only ; but a mere opin- 
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ion attains not unto any truth. Verily 
God knows that which they do, 

THB KORAN 

This Koran could not hare been com- 
posed by any except God; but it is a 
confirmation of that which was revealed 
before it, and an explanation of the 
scripture; there is no doubt thereof; 
sent down from the Lord of all crea- 
tures. Will they say, Mohammed forged 
it ? Answer, Bring a chapter like unto 
it ; and call whom you may to your as- 
sistance, besides God, if you speak truth. 

But they have charged that with false- 
hood, the knowledge whereof they do 
not comprehend, neither has the inter- 
pretation thereof come unto them. In 
the same manner did those who were 
before them, accuse their prophets of 
imposture; but behold what was the 
end of the unjust. There are some 
of them who believe therein ; and there 
are some of them who believe not there- 
in ; and thy Lord well knows the corrupt 
doers. 

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If they aiccuse thee of imposture, say, 
I have my work, and you have your 
work ; you shall be clear of that wnich 
I do, and I will be clear of that which 
▼ou do. There are some of them who 
hearken unto theej but-wik thou make 
the deaf to hear, although they do not 
understand? And there are some of 
them who look at thee ; but wilt thou 
direct the blind, although they see not ? 

Verily God will not deal unjustly with 
men in any respect: but men deal un- 
justly with their own souls. On a certain 
day he will gather them together, as if 
they had not tarried above an hour of a 
day : they shall know one another. Then 
shall they perish who have denied the 
meeting of God, and were not rightly 
directed. Whether we cause thee to see 
a part of the punishment wherewith 
we have threatened them, or whether we 
cause thee to die before thou see it ; unto 
us shall they return : then shall God be 
witness of that which they do. 

Unto every nation has an apostle been 
sent : and when their apostle came, the 
matter was decided between them with 
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equity } and they were not treated iin- 
juttly. The unbelievers say. When will 
this threatening be made gcxni, if ye speak 
truth? 




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KraSu 







THE COMING AWARD 

Answbr, I am able neither to procure 
advantage unto myself, nor to avert 
mischief from me, but as God pleases. 
Unto every nation is a fixed term de- 
creed; when their term therefore is 
expired, they shall not have respite for 
an hour, neither shall their punishment 
be anticipated. 

Say, Tell me ; if the punishment of 
God overtake you by night, or by day, 
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what part thereof will the ungodly wish 
to be hastened ? When it falls on you, 
do you then believe it ? Now believe, 
and wish it far from you, when as you 
formerly desired it should be hastened? 
Then shall it be said unto the wicked. 
Taste the punishment of eternity : would 
you receive other than the reward of that 
which you have wrought ? They will 
desire to know of thee whether this be 
true. Answer, Yea, by my Lord, it is 
certainly true ; neither shall you weaken 
God's power, so as to escape it. Verily, 
if every soul which has acted wickedly 
had whatever is on the earth, it would 
willingly redeem itself therewith at the 
last day. Yet they will conceal their 
repentance, after they shall have seen 
the punishment : and the matter shall be 
decided between them with equity; and 
they shall not be unjustly treated. Does 
not whatsoever is in heaven and on earth 
belong unto God ? Is not the promise 
of God true? But the greater part of 
them know it not. He gives life, and 
he causes to die ; and unto him shall ye 
all return. O men, now hath an admo- 
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iTgammmpsmmm 



nition come unto you from your Lord, 
and a remedy for the doubts which are 
in your breasts; and a direction, and 
mercy unto the true believers. 

Say, Through the grace of God, and 
his mercy: therein therefore let them 
rejoice; this will be better than what 
they heap together of worldly riches. 

god's bbnbficbncs 

Verily God is endued with beneficence 
toward mankind ; but the greater part of 
them do not give thanks. Thou shalt be 
engaged in no business, neither shalt thou 
be employed in meditating on any pas- 
sage of the Koran ; nor shalt thou do 
any action, but we will be witnesses 
over thee, when thou art employed 
therein. 

Nor is so much as the weight of an ant 
hidden from thy Lord, in earth or in 
heaven : neither is there anything lesser 
than that, or greater, but it is written 
in the perspicuous book. Are not the 
friends of God the persons, on whom no 
fear shall come, and who shall not be 
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grieved? They who believe and fear 
God, shall receive good tidings in this 
life and in that which is to come. There 
is no change in the words of God. This 
shall be great felicity. Let not their 
discourse grieve thee ; for all might be- 
longs unto God : he both hears and 
knows. Is not whoever dwells in heaven 
and on earth, subject unto God f What 
therefore do they follow, who invoke 
idols, besides God f They follow nothing 
but a vain opinion ; and they only utter 
lies. It is he who has ordained the night 
for you, that you may take your rest 
therein, and the clear day for labour: 
verily herein are signs unto people who 
hearken. 

They say, God has begotten children : 
God forbid ! He is self-sufficient. Unto 
him belongs whatsoever is in heaven and 
on earth: you have no demonstrative 
proof of this. Do you speak of God 
that which you know not ? 

Say, Verily they who imagine a lie con- 
cerning God, shall not prosper. Thty 
may enjoy a provision in this world ; but 
afterwards unto us shall thev return, and 
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we will then cause them to taste a grier- 
ous punishment, because they were un- 
believers. 



MIRACLBS AND BBLIBT 

Verilj those against whom the word 
of thy Lord is decreed, shall not believe, 
although there come unto them every 
kind of miracle; until they see the 
grievous punishment prepared for them. 
And if it were not so, some city, among 
the many which have been destroyed, 
would have believed; and the faith of 
its inhabitants would have been of ad- 
vantage unto them : but none of them 
believed before the execution of their 
sentence, except the people of Nineveh. 
When they believed, we delivered them 
from the punishment of shame in this 
world, and suflfered them to enjoy their 
lives and possessions for a time. But if 
thy Lord had pleased, verily all who are 
in the earth would have believed in gen- 
eral. Wilt thou therefore forcibly compel 
men to be true believers ? No soul can 
believe but by the permission of God : 

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and he shall pour out his indignation on 
those who will not understand. 

Say, Consider whatever is in heaven 
and on earth : but signs are of no avail, 
neither preachers, unto people who will 
not believe. Do they therefore expect 
any other than some terrible judgment, 
like unto the judgments which have Allen 
on those who have gone before them ? 

Say, Wait ye the issue ; and I also will 
wait with you : then will we deliver our 
apostles and those who believe. Thus is 
it a justice due from us, that we should 
deliver the true believers. 

THE WORKS OF OOD 

God raised the heavens without visible 
pillars; and then ascended his throne, 
and compelled the sun and the moon 
to perform their services : every of the 
heavenly bodies runs an appoint^ course. 
He orders all things. He shows his signs 
distinctly, that you may be assured you 
must meet your Lord at the last day. 
He stretched forth the earth, and placed 
therein steadfast mountains, and rivers ; 
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and ordained therein of every fruit two 
different kinds. He causes the night to 
cover the day. 

Herein are certain signs unto people 
who consider. And in the earth are 
tracts of land of diflferent natures, though 
bordering on each other ; and abo vine- 
yards, and seeds, and palm-trees springing 
several from the same root, and singly 
from distinct roots. They are watered 
with the same water, yet we render some 
of them more excellent than others to eat. 

Herein are surely signs unto people 
who understand. If thou dost wonder at 
the infidels denying the resurrection, 
surely wonderful is their saying. After we 
shall have been reduced to dust, shall we 
be restored in a new creature ? These are 
they who believe not in their Lord ; 
these shall have collars on their necks, 
and these shall be the inhabitants of hell 
fire : therein shall they abide for ever. 

They will ask of thee to hasten evil 
rather than good: although there have 
already been examples of the divine ven- 
geance before them. Thy Lord is surely 
endued with indulgence toward men, not- 
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withstanding their iniquity -, but thy Lord 
it also severe in punishing. The infidels 
say, Unless a sign be sent down unto 
him from his Lord, we will not believe. 

Thou art commissioned to be a 
preacher only, and not a worker of mira- 
cles : and unto every people has a director 
been appointed. God knows what every 
female bears in her womb i and what the 
wombs want or exceed of their due time, 
or number of young. With him is every- 
thing regulated according to a determined 
measure. He knows that which is hidden, 
and that which is revealed. He is the 
great, the most high. 

He among you who conceals bis words, 
and he who proclaims them in public ; he 
also who seeks to hide himself in the 
night, and he who goes forth openly in 
the day, is equal in respect to the knowl- 
edge of God. Each of them has angels 
mutually succeeding each other, before 
him, and behind him; they watch him 
by the command of God. Verily God 
will not change his grace which is in men, 
until they change the disposition in their 
souk by sin. When God wills evil on a 
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people, there shall be none to avert it ; 
neither shall they have any protector 
beside him. He causes the lightning to 
appear unto you, to strike fear, and to 
raise hope, and he forms the pr^nant 
clouds. The thunder celebrates his praise, 
and the angels also, for fear of him. He 
sends his thunderbolts and strikes there- 
with whom he pleases, while they dispute 
concerning God, for he is mighty in 
power. He ought of right to be invoked ; 
and the idok which they invoke besides 
him, shall not hear them at all ; other- 
wise than as he is heard, who stretches 
forth his hand to the water that it may 
ascend to his mouth, when it can- 
not ascend thither: the supplication of 
the unbelievers is utterly erroneous. 
Whatever is in heaven and on earth 
worships God, voluntarily or of force } 
and their shadows also, morning and 
evening. Say, Who is the Lord of 
heaven and earth? Answer, God. 



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IDOLS 

Say, Have you therefore taken unto 
yourselves protectors beside him, who are 
unable either to help, or to defend them- 
selves from hurt ? Say, Shall the blind and 
the seeing be esteemed equal ? or s^all 
darkness and light be accounted the 
same f or have they attributed compan- 
ions unto God, who have created as he 
has created, so that their creation bear 
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any resemblance unto hit? Say, God 
is the creator of all things ; he is the 
one, the victorious God. He causes 
water to descend from heaven, and the 
brooks flow according to their respective 
measure, and the floods bear the floating 
froth : and from the metals which they 
melt in the fire, seeking to cast orna- 
ments or vessels for use, there arises a 
scum like unto it. Thus God sets 
forth truth and vanity. But the scum is 
thrown oflF, and that which is useful to 
mankind remains on the earth. Thus 
God puts forth parables. 

PARADISB 

Unto those who obey their Lord shall 
be given the most excellent reward: 
but those who obey him not, although 
they were possessed of whatever is in 
the whole earth and as much more, they 
would give it all for their ransom. These 
will be brought to a terrible account : 
their abode shall be hell; an unhappy 
couch shall it be ! Shall he, therefore, 
who knows that what has been sent 
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down unto thee from thy Lord, is truth, 
be rewarded as he who is blind ? The 
prudent onlj will consider; who fulfil 
the covenant of God, and break not 
their contract; and who join that which 
God has commanded to be joined, and 
who fear their Lord, and dread an ill 
account; and who persevere out of a 
sincere desire to please their Lord, and 
observe the stated times of prayer, and 
give alms out of what we have bestowed 
on them, in secret and openly, and who 
turn away evil with good : the reward 
of these shall be paradise, gardens of 
eternal abode, which they shall enter, 
and also whoever shall have acted up- 
rightly, of their fathers, and their 
wive^ and their posterity; and the 
angels shall go in unto them by every 
gate, saying, Peace be upon you, because 
you have endured with patience; bow 
excellent a reward is paradise I 

But as for those who violate the 
covenant of God, after the establishment 
thereof, and who cut in sunder that 
which God has commanded to be joined, 
and act corruptly in the earth, on them 
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shall a curie &I1, and thev shall have a 
miserable dwelling in hell. God gives 
provision in abundance unto whom he 
pleases, and is sparing unto whom 
he pleases. 

IN THE NAMB OF THB MOST MBRCIFUL 
OOD 

The time may come when the unbe- 
lievers shall wish that they had been 
Moslems. Suflfer them to eat and to 
enjoy themselves in this world ; and let 
hope entertain them : but they shall here- 
after know their folly. We have not 
destroyed any city, but a fixed term of 
repentance was appointed it. No nation 
shall be punished before their time shall 
be come ;' neither shall they be respited 
after. The Meccans say, O thou to 
whom the admonition hath been sent 
down, thou art certainly possessed with 
a devil: wouldst thou not have come 
unto us with an attendance of angels, if 
thou hadst spoken truth ? 



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SCOFFERS 

Answer, We send not down the angels, 
unless on a just occasion; nor should 
they be then respited any longer. We 
have surely sent down the Koran ; and 
we will certainly preserve the same from 
corruption. We have heretofore sent 
apostles before thee, among the ancient 
sects : and there came no apostle unto 
them, but they laughed him to scorn. 
In the same manner will we put it into 
the hearts of the wicked Meccans to 
scoflF at their prophet : they shall not be- 
lieve on him; and the sentence of the 
nations of old has been executed hereto- 
fore. If we should open a gate in the 
heaven above them, and they should 
ascend thereto all the day long, they 
would surely say. Our eyes are only 
dazzled; or rather we are a people de- 
luded by enchantments. 

We have placed the twelve signs in 
the heaven, and have set them out in 
various figures, for the observation of 
spectators: and we guard them from 
every devil driven away with stones; 

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except him who listens by stealth, at 
whom a visible flame is darted. 

god's power 

We have also spread forth the earth, 
and thrown thereon suble mountains; 
and we have caused every kind of vege- 
ubles to spring forth in the same, ac- 
cording to a determinate weight: and 
we have provided therein necessaries of 
life for you, and for him whom you do 
not sustain. There is no one thing but 
the storehouses thereof are in our hands ; 
and we distribute not the same otherwise 
than in a determinate measure. We also 
send the winds driving the pregnant 
clouds, and we send down from heaven 
water, whereof we give you to drink, 
and which you keep not in store. Verily 
we give life, and we put to death ; and 
we are the heirs of all things. We know 
those among you who go before; and 
we know those who stay behind. And 
thy Lord shall gather them together at 
the last day; for he is knowing and 
wise. 

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We created man of dried clay, of 
black mud, formed into shape : and we 
had before created the devil of subtle fire. 
And remember when thy Lord said be- 
fore the angels. Verily I am about to 
create man of dried clay, of black mud, 
wrought into shape; when therefore I 
shall have completely formed him, and 
shall have breathed of my spirit into 
him; do you fall down and worship 
him. And all the angels worshipped 
Adam together, except Iblis, who refused 
to be with those who worshipped him. 
And God said unto him, O Iblis, what 
hindered thee from being with those who 
worshipped Adam f 

GOD AND IBLIS 

He answered. It is not fit that I should 
worship man, whom thou hast created 
of dried clay, of black mud, wrought 
into shape. God said. Get thee there- 
fore hence; for thou shalt be driven 
away with stones : and a curse shall be 
on thee, until the day of judgment. 

The devil said, O Lord, give me res- 
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pite until the day of resurrection. God 
answered. Verily thou shalt be one of 
those who are respited until the day of 
the appointed time. 

The devil replied, O Lord, because 
thou hast seduced me, I will surely tempt 
them to disobedience in the earth ; and 
I will seduce them all, except such of 
them as shall be thy chosen servants. 

God said. This is the right way with 
me. Verily as to my servants, thou 
shalt have no power over them ; but over 
those only who shall be seduced, and 
who shall follow thee. And hell is 
surely denounced unto them all : it has 
seven gates ; unto every gate a distinct 
company of them shall be assigned. But 
those who fear God shall dwell in gar- 
dens, amidst founuins. The angels 
shall say unto them. Enter therein in 
peace and security. And we will re- 
move all grudge from their breasts; 
they shall be as brethren, sitting over 
against one another on couches : weari- 
ness shall not affect them therein, neither 
. shall they ever be cast out thence. 

Declare unto my servants that I am 
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the gracious, the merciful Godi and 
that my punishment is a grievous pun- 
ishment. 

god's BBNBFACnONS 

The sentence of God will surely come 
to be executed ; wherefore do not hasten 
it. Praise be unto him ! and far be that 
from him which they associate with him ! 
He shall cause the angels to descend with 
a revelation by his command, unto such 
of his servants as he pleases, saying, 
Preach that there is no God, except 
myself; therefore fear me. He created 
the heavens and the earth to manifest 
his justice : fiu* be that from him which 
they associate with him ! He created 
man of seed; and yet behold, he is a 
professed disputer against the resurrec- 
tion. He likewise created the cattle for 
you : from them you have wherewith to 
keep yourselves warm, and other advan- 
tages; and of them do you also eat. And 
they are likewise a credit unto you, when 
you drive them home in the evening, and 
when you lead them forth to feed in the 
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morning: and they carry your burdens 
to a distant country, at which you could 
not otherwise arrive, unless with great 
difficulty to yourselves; for your Lord 
is compassionate and merciful. And, he 
also created horses, and mules, and asses, 
that you may ride thereon, and for an 
ornament unto you; and he likewise 
creates other things which you know not. 
It appertains unto God, to instruct 
men in the right way ; and there is who 
turns aside from the same : but if he 
had pleased, he would certainly have 
directed you all. He sends down from 
heaven rain water, whereof you have to 
drink, and from which plants, whereon 
you feed your cattle, receive their nour- 
ishment. And by means thereof he 
causes com, and olives and palm-trees 
and grapes and all kinds of fruits to 
spring forth for you. Surely herein is 
a sign of the divine power and wisdom 
unto people who consider. And he sub- 
jected the night and the day to your 
service ; and the sun and the moon and 
the stars, which are compelled to serve 
by his conmiand. 

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Verily herein are signs unto people of 
understanding. And be also gave you 
dominion over whatever he created for 
you in the earth, distinguished by its 
different colour. 

Surely herein is a sign unto people 
who reflect. He subjected the sea unto 
you, that you might eat fish thereout, 
and take from thence ornaments for you 
to wear : and thou seest the ships plough- 
ing the waves thereof, that you may seek 
to enrich yourselves of his abundance, 
by commerce ; and that you might give 
thanks. And he threw upon the earth 
mountains firmly rooted, lest it should 
move with you, and also rivers, and 
paths, that you might be directed : and 
he likewise ordained marks whereby men 
may know their way^ and they are 
directed by the stars. Shall God there- 
fore who creates, be as he who creates 
not? Do you not therefore consider? 
If you attempt to reckon up the hvoun 
of God, you shall not be able to com- 
pute their number: God is surely gra- 
cious, and merciful; and God knows 
that which you conceal and that which 
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a«p« 



mm 



you publish. But the idols which you 
invoke, besides God, create nothing, but 
are themselves created. They are dead, 
and not living; neither do they under- 
stand when they shall be raised. Your 
God is one God. 




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THE LIFE TO COME 

As to those who believe not in the 
life to come, their hearts deny the plain- 
est evidence, and they proudly reject 
the truth. There is no doubt but God 
knows that which they conceal and that 
which thev discover : verily he loves not 
the proud. And when it is said unto 
them, What has your Lord sent down 
unto Mohammed ? they answer. Fables 
of ancient times. Thus are they given 
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up to error, that they may bear their own 
burdens without diminution on the day 
of resurrection, and also a part of the 
burdens of those whom they caused to 
err, without knowledge. Will it not be 
an evil burden which they shall bear? 
Their predecessors devised plots hereto- 
fore ; but God came unto their building, 
to overthrow it from the foundations: 
and the roof fell on them from above, 
and a punishment came upon them, from 
whence they did not expect. 

Also on the day of resurrection he 
will cover them with shame; and will 
say. Where are my companions, con- 
cerning whom you disputed? Those 
unto whom knowledge shall have been 
given, shall smswer. This day shall 
shame and misery fall upon the unbe- 
lievers. They whom the zngds shall 
cause to die, having dealt unjustly with 
their own souls, shall offer to make 
their peace in the article of death, say- 
ing. We have done no evil. 

But the smgels shall reply. Yea ; verily 
God knows well that which you have 
wrought: wherefore enter the gates of 

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hell, therein to remain for erer; and 
miserable shall be the abode of the 
proud. 

And it shall be said unto those who 
shall fear God, What has your Lord 
sent down ? They shall answer, Good : 
unto those who do right shall be given 
an excellent reward in this world; but 
the dwelling of the next life shall be 
better ; and happy shall be the dwelling 
of the pious ! namely, gardens of eternal 
abode, into which they shall enter ; rivers 
shall flow beneath the same; therein 
shall thev enjoy whatever they wish* 
Thus will God recompense the pious. 
Unto the righteous whom the angels 
shall cause to die, they shall say. Peace 
be upon you ; enter into paradise, as a 
reward for that which you have wrought. 
Do the unbelievers expect any other than 
that the angels come unto them, to part 
their souls from their bodies ; or that the 
sentence of thy Lord come to be exe- 
cuted on them? 



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TH£ BEE 

Verily herein is a sign unco people 
who understand.. Thy Lord spake by 
inspiration unto the bee, saying, provide 
thee houses in the mountains, and in the 
trees, and of those materials wherewith 
men build hives for thee: then eat of 
every kind of fruit, and walk in the 
beaten paths of thy Lord. There pro- 
ceeds from their bellies a liquor of various 
colours : wherein is a medicine for men. 
Verily herein is a sign unto people who 
consider. God created you, and he will 
hereafter cause you to die : and some of 
you shall have his life prolonged to a de- 
crepit age, so that he shall forget what- 
ever he knew^ for God is wise and 
powerful. God causes some of you to 
excel others in worldly possessions : yet 
they who are caused to excel, do not give 
their wealth unto the slaves whom their 
right hands possess, that they may 
become equal sharers therein. Do 
they therefore deny the beneficence of 
God? God has ordained you wives 
from among yourselves, and of your 
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wives has granted you children and 
grandchildren ; and has bestowed on you 
good things for food. Will they there- 
fore believe in that which is vain, and 
ungratefully deny the goodness of God f 
They worship, besides God, idols which 
possess nothing wherewith to sustain 
them, either in heaven, or on earth ; and 
have no power. Wherefore liken not 
anjTthing unto God: for God knows, 
but you know not. 

IDOLS 

God propounds as a parable a possessed 
slave, who has power over nothing, and 
him on whom we have bestowed a good 
provision from us, and who gives alms 
thereout both secretly and openly : shall 
these two be esteemed equal ? God for- 
bid ! But the greater part of them know 
it not. 

God also propounds as a parable two 
men; one of them bom dumb, who is 
unable to do or understand anything, but 
is a burden unto his master; whither- 
soever he shall send him, he shall not 
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return with any good success : shall this 
man, and he who has his speech and 
understanding, and who commands that 
which is just, and follows the right way, 
be esteemed equal ? Unto God alone is 
the secret of heaven and earth known. 
And the business of the last hour shall 
be only as the twinkling of an eye, or 
even more quick : for God is almighty. 
God has brought you forth from the 
wombs of your mothers; you knew 
nothing, and he gave you the senses of 
hearing and seeing, and understandings, 
that you might give thanks. Do they 
not behold the fowls which are enabled 
to fly in the open firmament of heaven ? 
none supports them except God. Verily 
herein are signs unto people who believe. 

god's provision 

God has also provided your houses 
for habitations for you; and has also 
provided you tents of the skins of cattle, 
which you find light to be removed on 
the day of your departure to new quarters, 
and easy to be pitched on the day of 
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your sitting down therein : and of their 
wool and their fur and their hair has he 
supplied you with furniture and house- 
hold-stuflF for a season. And God has 
provided for you, of that which he has 
created, conveniences to shade you from 
the sun, and he has also provided you 
places of retreat in the mountains, and 
he has given you garments to defend you 
from the heat, and coats of mail to 
defend you in your wars. Thus doth 
he accomplish his favour towards you, 
that you may resign yourselves unto 
him. 




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THE KORAN 

Wb have sent down unto thee the 
book of the Koran, for an explication of 
everything necessary both as to faith 
and practice, and a direction, and mercy, 
and good tidings unto the Moslems. 
Verily God commands justice, and the 
doing of good, and the giving unto 
kindred what shall be necessary ; and he 
forbids wickedness, and iniquity, and 
oppression : he admonishes you that you 
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may remember. Perform your covenant 
with God, when you enter into covenant 
with him; and violate not your oaths, 
after the ratification thereof; since you 
have made God a witness over you. 
Verily God knows that which you 
do. 

And be not like unto her who undoes 
that which she has spun, untwisting it 
after she has twisted it strongly ; taking 
your oaths between you deceitfully, be- 
cause one party is more numerous than 
another party. Verily God only tempts 
you therein; and he will make that 
manifest unto you, on the day of resur- 
rection, concerning which you now dis- 
agree. If God had pleased, he would 
surely have made you one people: but 
he will lead into error whom he pleases, 
and he will direct whom he pleases ; and 
you shall surely give an account of that 
which you have done. Therefore take 
not your oaths between you deceitfully, 
lest your foot slip, after it has been stead- 
fastly fixed, and you taste evil in this 
life, because you have turned aside from 
the way of God ; and you suffer a griev- 
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ous punishment in the life to come. 
And sell not the covenant of God for a 
small price; for with God is a better 
recompense prepared for you, if you be 
men of understanding. That which is 
with you will fail; but that which is 
with God is permanent: and we will 
surely reward diose who shall persevere, 
according to the utmost merit of their 
actions. 

RIOHTBOUSNBSS 

Whoever works righteousness, 
whether he be male or femaJe, and is a 
true believer, we wUl surely raise him to 
a happy life ; and we will give him his 
reward, according to the utmost merit of 
his actions. 

FOOD 

Eat of what God has given you for 
food, that which is lawful and good ; and 
be thankful for the favours of God, if 
you serve him. He has only forbidden 
you that which dies of itself, and blood, 
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and twine's flesh, and that which has 
been slain in the name of any, besides 
God. But unto him who shall be com- 
pelled by necessity to eat of these things, 
not lusting nor wilfully transgressing, 
God will surely be gracious and mercifiu. 
And say not that wherein your tongues 
utter a lie; This is lawful, and this is 
unlawful i that you may devise a lie con- 
cerning God : for they who devise a lie 
concerning God, shall not prosper. Thev 
shall have small enjoyment in this world, 
and in that which is to come they shall 
suffer a grievous torment. 

lONORANCB 

Moreover thy Lord will be favourable 
unto those who do evil through ignorance; 
and afterwards repent and amend : verily 
unto these will thy Lord be gracious and 
merciful, after their repenunce. 

Abraham was a model of true religion, 
obedient unto God, orthodox, and was 
not an idolater : he was also grateful for 
his benefits : wherefore God chose him, 
and directed him into the right way. 
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And we bestowed on him good in this 
world; and in the next he shall surely 
be one of the righteous. We have also 
spoken unto thee, O Mohammed, by 
revelation, saying, Follow the religion of 
Abraham, who was orthodox, and was 
no idolater. Invite men unto the way 
of thy Lord, by wisdom, and mild exhor- 
tation; and dispute with them in the 
most condescending manner: for thy 
Lord well knows him who strays from 
his path, and he well knows those who 
are rightly directed. If you take ven- 
geance on any, take a vengeance propor- 
tionable to tne wrong which has been 
done you; but if you suffer wrong 
patiently, verily this will be better for 
the patient. Wherefore bear opposition 
with patience ; but thy patience shall not 
be practicable, unless with God's assist- 
ance. And be not grieved on account 
of the unbelievers ; neither be troubled 
for that which they subtilely devise ; for 
God is with those who fear him, and 
are upright. 

Verily this Koran directs unto the 
way which is most right, and declares 
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unto the faithful, who do good works, 
that they shall receive a great reward; 
and that for those who believe not in the 
life to come, we have prepared a grievous 
punishment. Mam prays for evil, as he 
prays for good ; for man is hasty. We 
have ordained the night and the day for 
two signs of our power : afterwards we 
blot out the sign of the night, and we 
cause the sign of the day to shine forth, 
that you may endeavour to obtain plenty 
from your Lord by doing your business 
therein, and that you may know the 
number of years, and the computation 
of time ; and everything necessary have 
we explained by a perspicuous explication. 

THB BOOK OF UFB 

The fate of every man have we bound 
about his neck; and we will produce 
unto him, on the day of resurrection, a 
book wherein his actions shall be 
recorded : it shall be offered him open, 
and the angels shall say unto him. Read 
thy book ; thine own soul will be a suf- 
ficient accountant against thee, this day. 
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He who shall be rightly directed, shall be 
directed to the advantage only of his 
own soul; and he who shall err, shall 
err only against the same : neither shall 
any laden soul be charged with the burden 
of another. We did not punish any 
people, until we had first sent an apostle 
to warn them. And when we resolved 
to destroy a city, we commanded the 
inhabitants thereof, who lived in afflu- 
ence, to obev our apostle; but they 
acted corruptly therein: wherefore the 
sentence was justly pronounced against 
that city; and we destroyed it with am 
utter destruction. And how many gen- 
erations have we consumed since Noah ? 
for thy Lord sufficiently knows and sees 
the sins of his servants. 

THIS UFB AND THE NEXT 

Whoever chooses this transitory life, 
we will bestow on him therein before- 
hand that which we please: on him, 
namely, whom we please: afterwards 
will we appoint him hell for his abode ; 
he shall be thrown into the same to be 
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scorched, covered with ignominy, and 
utterly rejected from mercy. 

But whoever chooses the life to come, 
and directs his endeavour toward the 
same, being also a true believer; the 
endeavour of these shall be acceptable 
unto God. On all will we bestow the 
blessings of this life, both on these and 
on those, of the gift of thy Lord ; for 
the gift of thy Lord shall not be denied 
unto any. Behold, how we have caused 
some of them to surpass others in wealth 
and dignity: but the next life shall be 
more considerable in degrees of honour, 
and greater in excellence. 

TRUB LIBERALITY 

Set not up another god with the true 
God, lest thou sit down in disgrace, and 
destitute. Thy Lord commands that 
you worship none besides him ; and that 
you show kindness unto your parents, 
whether the one of them, or both of 
them attain to old age with thee. Where- 
fore say not unto them. Fie on you I 
neither reproach them, but speak respect- 

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fully unto them ; and submit to behave 
humbly Cowards them, out of tender 
affection, and say, O Lord, have mercy 
on them both, as they nursed me when I 
was little. Your Lord well knows that 
which is in your souls ; whether you be 
men of integrity: and he will be gra- 
cious unto those who sincerely return 
unto him. And give unto him who is 
of kin to you his due, and also unto the 
poor, and the traveller. And waste not 
thy substance profusely : for the profuse 
are brethren of the*devils : and the devil 
was ungrateful unto his Lord. But if 
thou turn from them, in expectation of 
the mercy which thou hopest from thy 
Lord ; at least, speak kindly unto them. 
And let not thy hand be tied up to thy 
neck ; neither open it with an unbounded 
expansion, lest thou become worthy of 
reprehension, and be reduced to poverty. 
Verily thy Lord will enlarge the store of 
whom he pleases, and will be sparing 
unto whom he pleases; for he knows 
and regards his servants. 



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PRECEPTS 

Walk not proudly in the land, for 
thou canst not cleave the earth, neither 
shalt thou equal the mountains in stat- 
ure. All this is evil, and abominable in 
the sight of thy Lord. These precepts 
are a part of the wisdom which thy Lord 
has revealed unto thee. Set not up any 
other god as equal unto God, lest thou 
be cast into hell, reproved and rejected. 
Has your Lord preferably granted unto 
you sons, and taken for himself daugh- 
ters from among the angels ? Verily in 
asserting this you utter a grievous saying. 
And now have we used various argu- 
ments and repetitions in this Koran, that 
they may be warned ; yet it only renders 
them more disposed to fly from the truth. 
Say unto the idolaters. If there were 
other gods with him, as you say, they 
would surely seek an occasion of making 
some attempt against the possessor of the 
throne : God forbid ! and far, very far, 
be that from him which they utter I The 
seven heavens praise him, and the earth, 
and all who are therein : neither is there 
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anything which does not celebrate his 
praise i but you understand not their cele- 
bration thereof: he is gracious auid mer- 
ciful. 




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— 


^*^^^lU: 







THE UNITY OF GOD 

When thou readest the Koran, we 
place between thee and those who believe 
not in the life to come, a dark veil ; and 
we put coverings over their hearts, lest 
they should understand it, and in their 
ears thickness of hearing. And when 
thou makest mention, in repeating the 
Koran, of thy Lord only, they turn their 
backs, flving the doctrine of his unity. 
We well know with what design they 
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